"May she see the new clothes?"
Translation:Geith hi weld y dillad newydd?
Here it must be gaiff hi...? or geith hi ...?.
The basic verb form caiff hi undergoes soft mutation in the interrogative -> gaiff hi...? In the negative, verbs undergo aspirate mutation if possible (p, t, c), otherwise soft mutation:
- Caiff/Ceith hi fynd - she can/may go.
- Gaiff/Geith hi fynd? - can/may she go?
Chaiff/Cheith hi ddim mynd - She cannot/may not go.
Darllenais i lyfrau - I read some books.
- Ddarllenais i'r llyfrau 'na? - Did I read those books?
- Ddarllenais i ddim llyfrau - I did not read any books.
Feminine nouns take a weak (x) soft mutation following the definite article ('r/yr/y). Masculine or plural nouns do not take a mutation following the definite article:
- draig is a feminine noun - y + draig => y ddraig
- dillad is a plural noun - y + dillad => y dillad
Adjectives following a feminine noun take a soft mutation. Adjectives following masculine or plural nouns do not:
- y ddraig + coch => y ddraig goch
- y dillad + coch => y dillad coch
(x) - In a weak soft mutation, there is no mutation of ll or rh.
See the course notes.