What is the difference between: мой, моя and моё
I understand that мои is a plural thing but I don't understand the rest.
All are in Nominative case.- мой Masculine - моя Feminine - моё Neuter - мои Plural -
Grammar Lesson 21 The Prepositional Case of Possessive and Demonstrative Pronouns. Uses. Singular and Plural Forms http://www.russianforeveryone.com/Rufe/Lessons/Course1/Grammar/GramUnit7/GramUnit7_2.htm
Usually you can tell from the noun's ending in the base singular form you find in the dictionary.
- а/я words will typically be feminine unless they mean a male (like мужчина, папа, Никита)
- nouns ending in a consonant (including й) are masculine. Female names from foreign languages are a major exception
- nouns ending in о, е or ё are neuter.
The first two rules are the most important because that's how loanwords will get their gender and declension pattern assigned. For instance, компьютер and айпад behave like хлеб or мальчик (though, хлеб is a loanword anyway).
The last rule, the one for neuter nouns, mainly works for native nouns because loanwords ending in о, е, ё, и, у or ю are indeclinable. They may have their gender forced by their meaning. For example, objects will usually be neuter (though, a lot of speakers prefer кофе as a masculine noun). Торонто and Сан-Франциско are masculine because they are cities (город is masculine in Russian). Indeclinable words for animals are usually masculine.
- if the noun ends in a soft sign it is best you use a dictionary (statistically, two thirds are feminine).
- Russian has ten neuter nouns that end in -мя (имя "name", время "time", пламя "flame", племя "tribe", бремя "burden" and a few others)
Мой="My" when you are talking about nouns that belong to "he". My father Моя="My" when you are talking about nouns that belong to "she". My car Моё="My" when you are talking about nouns that belong to "it". My overcoat P.S. Nouns that belong to "she" in Russian ends on vowels: я,а. Nouns that belongs to "it" in Russian ends on vowels: о, е. Nouns that belong to "he" in Russian ends on consonants.