"This is a shoe."

Translation:To jest but.

April 22, 2016



Why is "to jest butem"(using instrumental case) wrong? Would it only work if I said something more specific like "Ten przedmiot jest butem"?

May 25, 2016


Yes, you're quite right. Simple sentences of the "This is an X"/"These are Y" form take Nominative (and also alwas "to", treated as the subject and not a demonstrative pronoun), defining a noun with another noun takes Instrumental.

May 26, 2016


why is 'ten jest but' in correct. ten means 'this'

March 13, 2017


"Ten" means "this" but as a determiner describing the noun (in Polish specifically masculine). Not as a standalone pronoun which indicates a nearby object - to this meaning corresponds Polish "to".

"Ten" can be also used in sense "this one" (masculine noun).

March 13, 2017


So buty is plural form of shoe?

April 22, 2016


yes: but - buty

April 22, 2016


Can not you say "to but"? As "(ono) to but"?

February 20, 2017


You can, it's accepted, but I wouldn't recommend it. On its own, as a super-short sentence, it seems clumsy to me. Also, it's not like "ono to but", because "ono" is really rarely used at all. All constructions like "This/That is X", "These/Those are X", use impersonal "to" as the subject, regardless of the grammatical gender.

February 20, 2017
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