"I need a book."

Translation:Potrzebuję książki.

April 23, 2016

This discussion is locked.


If you think of the translation of potrzebuje as 'having need of', maybe the use of the genitive case makes more sense


This comment helped a lot!!! "I am in need of a book" would help me, tremendously, to remember that this verb "potrzebowac" would be genitive. Even though the sentence does not read "potrzebuje z ksiazki", it helps my mind wrap around this case. Thanks for the comment.


No worry guys, when you get the cases right, you have the worst behind ;)


Potrzebuję książkę is more correct?


While your version, being in biernik (accusative) is quite widely used (1880 results in google for the exact phrase, vs 4080 for "potrzebuję książki"), the linguists would say that the only case which can be used with "potrzebować" is dopełniacz (genitive), thus making "Potrzebuję książki" the only really correct option.


I am still baffled that anyone would say this with the Accusative. Sounds clearly wrong to me.


I think the "incorrect" way if saying it can be an example of how language evolves. It's not really slang, but people accept it anyway? Just a thought.


Yes, language does indeed evolve as initially 'incorrect' constructions eventually become accepted by the majority of speakers. However, the results mentioned above are somewhat distorted (because of the way how Google calculates these numbers), in reality, potrzebować + accusative is several dozen times less common in written texts than potrzebować + genitive. This is likely to change in the future, but for now, we keep the accusative rejected.


I would say: as long as you'd be failed on a language test for writing it, we should reject it.


Why is it książki and not książky? I'm using the grammar book "Polish Verbs & Essentials of Grammar" (see pg 18) and the declension for the genitive case of książka should be książky because książka is a hard stem feminine noun. Is this noun an exception to the rule? Why/Why not?


Could that be a misprint? The resource I use to check declensions (https://lektorek.org/polish/) doesn't show the -y declension you mention.


How do I get diacretical accents for Polish?


On a phone, if you have a Polish keyboard (I recommend SwiftKey, you can have up to 5 keyboards on the same time), just hold the corresponding 'basic letter' and a menu for diacritics will show.

On a computer, see this: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/12251071


Potrzebuję książkę


Nie. Przecież to błąd gramatyczny. Owszem, jeden z najbardziej powszechnych, ale niewątpliwie błąd.

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