https://www.duolingo.com/EsperantoIsCool

Difference between -anto and -isto suffixes?

I was reading through the Prezidanto/Prezidento discussion, and I, despite doing all 3 affix modules and a memrise course on affixes, have never come across the -anto suffix explained. One can relatively easily deduce that it means someone who does the verb it is attached to, but the -isto suffix also encompasses this. What would be the difference between Ludanto and Ludisto, or Prezidanto and Prezidisto?

2 years ago

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/bajanisto
bajanisto
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See at PMEG (by Bertilo Wennergren):

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/amuzulo
amuzulo
Mod
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ludanto = an [amateur] player
ludisto = a [professional] player, also the name of my company :)

There's also:
ludinto = an [in the past] player
ludonto = an [in the future] player

But we don't see those last two forms often, because they're not in national languages, so people tend not to use them.

-isto won't always be professional though, like in biciklisto or komunisto.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/EsperantoIsCool

Ohhhh okay, so it's a participle, not truly an affix. Just did that lesson recently, and I don't have it quite as fresh in memory as most other things. Thanks

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/StephieRice
StephieRice
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Yes exactly! "-ant-" "-int-" and "-ont-" are all participles!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Lee.Q79
Lee.Q79
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As I understand it -ant usually means a person who is presently engaged in an activity (for any reason), while -ist implies a person who performs the activity frequently, perhaps as a professional or a serious amateur (and may or may not be presently engaged in the activity).

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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More likely a professional than a serious amateur - but sometimes they're interchangeable. Other times it depends on the word. An "Esperantisto" is not a professional - neither is a "budhisto".

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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P.S. I'm not a salivisto.

2 years ago
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