Difference between -anto and -isto suffixes?
I was reading through the Prezidanto/Prezidento discussion, and I, despite doing all 3 affix modules and a memrise course on affixes, have never come across the -anto suffix explained. One can relatively easily deduce that it means someone who does the verb it is attached to, but the -isto suffix also encompasses this. What would be the difference between Ludanto and Ludisto, or Prezidanto and Prezidisto?
ludanto = an [amateur] player
ludisto = a [professional] player, also the name of my company :)
ludinto = an [in the past] player
ludonto = an [in the future] player
But we don't see those last two forms often, because they're not in national languages, so people tend not to use them.
-isto won't always be professional though, like in biciklisto or komunisto.
Ohhhh okay, so it's a participle, not truly an affix. Just did that lesson recently, and I don't have it quite as fresh in memory as most other things. Thanks
As I understand it -ant usually means a person who is presently engaged in an activity (for any reason), while -ist implies a person who performs the activity frequently, perhaps as a professional or a serious amateur (and may or may not be presently engaged in the activity).
More likely a professional than a serious amateur - but sometimes they're interchangeable. Other times it depends on the word. An "Esperantisto" is not a professional - neither is a "budhisto".