How can one differentiate between:
- Your pants are short
- Your short pants
For 2. I'm guessing you mean "your shorts". If so you can say: quần ngắn, quần short (also spelt as soóc/soọc).
Thank you for your kind answer. TranVanHaiNam answered my question. As you may already know, in English, the two expressions are 'equivalent' but there are times when I want to use the verb 'to be' to emphasize the adjective. For example,
His pants are short (implying that the pants shrunk OR that he outgrew them or some other abnormal situation...) In those cases, I would not say 'His short pants...'
"Your pants are short." is a sentence, and it expresses the quality of the pants.
"Your short pants" is just a noun phrase. "Your short pants" is an object (one thing) of someone.
Americans say pants for trousers but Brits usually don't. I think "pants" are for girls in England.
quần lót, quần xì...
ps. "quần xì" is a loanword from the French slip.