Latin for Duolingo: Verbs Present Tense 2, Lesson 2
Salvete omnes! Welcome back to Latin for Duolingo.
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- Previous lesson: Verbs present 2, 1
Last time we added some very common Latin verbs to those we have already learned. We’ll continue with a few more new verbs today and for the next few lessons.
quo (adv.) = where to, where, whither (with motion toward)
placeo, placēre, placui, placitus, 2 (used w. dat.) = please, be pleasing to (n.b. This may be a more frequent usage to express liking for something than the verb “amo,” but it requires use of the dative. In this way it is very similar to Italian, and to the French “S’il vous plait”.)
eo, ire, ivi/ii, itum (irreg.) = go
volo, velle, volui (irreg.) = am willing, wish for, want (n.b. frequently used with infinitive, although we will limit it this lesson)
Lucia Gaium amat. = Lucia likes/loves Gaius.
Gaius Luciae placet. = Gaius is pleasing to Lucia/ Lucia likes Gaius.
Is mihi placet. / Eum amo. = I like him.
Ea mihi placet. / Eam amo. = I like her.
Id mihi placet. / Id amo. = I like it.
Ei non placeo. / Me non amat. = He/she doesn’t like me.
Eis places. / Te amant. = They like you.
Eis non placemus. / Nos non amant. = They don’t like us.
Cibus mihi placet. / Cibum amo. = I like the food.
Marcus omnibus placet. / Omnes Marcum amant. = Everyone likes Marcus.
Placetne tibi ver? = Do you like spring?
Nonne tibi canes placent? = You like dogs, don’t you?
Schola ei non placet. = He/she does not like school.
Diarium ei placet. = He/she likes the newspaper.
Libri ei placent. = He/she likes the books.
Placentne eis mala? = Do they like apples?
Serpentes Luciae non placent. = Lucia doesn’t like snakes.
Vinum feminis placet. = The women like wine.
Vinum volo. = I want wine.
Dormire volo. = I want to sleep.
Lac vis, sed aquam vult. = You want milk, but he wants water.
Quid vis? = What do you want?
Si vis pacem, para bellum. = If you want peace, prepare for war.
Marcus ire vult. = Marcus wants to go.
Panem volumus. = We want bread.
Amicos volumus. = We want friends.
Quot pocula vultis? = How many cups do you (pl.) want?
Septem tunicas vultis. = You want seven shirts.
Crustula volunt. = They want cookies.
Pecuniam volunt, sed labor eis non placet. = They want money, but they don’t like work.
Domum eo. = I am going home.
Nunc eo. = I am going now.
Quo is? = Where are you going?
Ad scholam is. = You are going to school.
Marcus domum it. = Marcus is going home.
Decem milia passuum it. = He/she goes (for) ten miles.
Ad vivarium imus. = We are going to the zoo.
Mane ad scholam imus. = In the morning we go to school.
Ad cauponam itis. = You are going to a restaurant.
Quo itis? = Where are you going?
Quo eunt? = Where are they going?
Marcus et Paula ad montes eunt. = Marcus and Paula are going to the mountains.
Only three new verbs, but lots of sentences this time! Don’t be discouraged if it takes a while to master some of these forms. Most Latin verbs are more regular, but these are used frequently. We’ll keep adding new verbs for a few more lessons. Also, as you may guess, sometime in the future we will need to have a separate lesson on infinitives. Valete!
Next lesson: Verbs Present 2, lesson 3