"He drinks water."
Translation:Il boit de l'eau.
I'm having some difficultly understanding the behavior of l'eau vs. d'eau/de l'eau.
As I understand it;
He drinks the water : Il boit l'eau.
So why is it the same when the water is unspecific?
He drinks water : Il boit l'eau.
I was under the impression that d'eau and de l'eau were the correct expression for some water. If anyone can explain it to me I'd really appreciate it.
They now accept both "Il boit de l'eau" (unspecific) and "Il boit l'eau" (specific). Remembering another discussion thread, "d'eau" (unspecific) can be used if the said water was in a container. So can "d'eau" also be used here? It's most likely that a person drinks water from a container than, say... the rain.... or something...
o "boire l'eau" : drink the water. Same meaning as in English, ie, not water in general, but the water that is identified (the one on the table for ex.). Since "eau" (feminine noun) starts with a vowel, you have to "elide" the definite article and use an apostrophe, to ease the pronounciation (LO instead of LA-O).
o "boire de l'eau" is the way to mean "drink (some) water", ie a certain quantity of water. The construction is "de + definite article". Note that, again, the article was elided (de l' =de la).
o "boire d'eau" is only used in negative sentences: "je ne veux pas boire d'eau". Here, for the same reason as before "de" is elided, and the meaning is the same as above (unspecific water).
Note1: "un seau d'eau et un verre d'eau" is "a bucket of water and a glass of water", respectively. "De" here indicates the content of the noun (seau, verre). "un robinet d'eau" (as opposed to "un robinet de gaz") indicates its function.
Note2: with expressions of quantity: plus d'eau, moins d'eau, beaucoup d'eau, un peu d'eau, peu d'eau, autant d'eau... "de" (elided) is used without article.
I read in another forum, that if the verb is "aime, adore, préfère or déteste" you must use 'le' or 'la'. If you have other verbs, you use 'du' or 'de la'. In this case as it is not a personal preference verb then it has to be Il boit de l'eau (water is feminine and contracted de la)