https://www.duolingo.com/ThePatrician

Condensed Russian Grammar Rules

This is meant to be a reference list of basic grammar rules. I didn't include examples in most cases because it's intended to be used as a compilation of charts, not notes. If you see something I missed (I'm only partway through the tree) say so in the comments and I'll add it. I will be adding things on my every couple days or so. The links lead to websites with more information.

Cases

nominative: answers "who" or "what" accusative: denotes object of an action genitive: x belongs to y; possesion
dative: something is given or addressed to object
instrumental: denotes something that helps make something else
prepositional: object of speech or thought; always used with preposition
http://masterrussian.com/aa071600a.shtml

Conjugation of My

Мой --> Masc. Моя --> Fem. Моё --> Neut. Мои --> Plural

Nominative Case Pronouns

I, Me --> Я
You --> Ты
He, Him --> Он
She, Her --> Она
It (Neutral) --> Оно
http://www.russianlessons.net/grammar/pronouns.php

Nominative Plural Pronouns

We, Us --> Мы
You --> Вы
They, Them --> Они
http://www.russianlessons.net/grammar/pronouns.php

Nominative Singular Possessive

My, Mine - Masc. --> Мой
Fem. --> Моя
Neut. --> Моё
Plural --> Мои
my apples --> мои яблоки
Your, Yours - Masc. --> Твой
Fem. --> Твоя
Neut. --> Твоё
Plural --> Твои
His, Hers, Its - Masc. --> Его
Fem. --> Её
Neut. --> Его
http://www.russianlessons.net/grammar/pronouns.php

Nominative Plural Possesive

Our - Masc. --> Наш
Fem. --> Наша
Neut. --> Наше
Plural --> Наши
Your, Yours - Masc. --> Ваш
Fem. --> Ваша
Neut. --> Ваше
Plural --> Ваши
http://www.russianlessons.net/grammar/pronouns.php

Accusative Case Pronouns

I, Me --> Меня You --> Тебя He, Him --> Его She, Her --> Её
It (Neutral) --> Его http://www.russianlessons.net/grammar/pronouns.php

Accusative Plural Pronouns

We, Us --> Нас You --> Вас They, Them --> Их
http://www.russianlessons.net/grammar/pronouns.php

Accusative Singular Possessive

My, Mine - Masc. --> Мой / Моего Fem. --> Мою Neut. --> Моё Plural --> Мои / Моих Your, Yours - Masc. --> Твой / Твоего Fem. --> Твою
Neut. --> Твоё Plural --> Твои / Твоих His, Hers, Its - Masc. --> Его
Fem. --> Её
Neut. --> Его
http://www.russianlessons.net/grammar/pronouns.php

Accusative Plural Possesive

Our - Masc. --> Наш / Нашего Fem. --> Нашу Neut. --> Наше Plural --> Наши / Наших Your, Yours - Masc. --> Ваш / Вашего
Fem. --> Вашу Neut. --> Ваше
Plural --> Ваши / Ваших http://www.russianlessons.net/grammar/pronouns.php

Note: Compiling all six cases was a bit too much for one go, so please don't comment that I forgot four cases. I'll keep editing and adding the rest over the next few days.

New Note: Okay, so apparently this whole thing that I've been trying to compile (more like avoiding at all costs) already exists in a color coded, well formatted, easy to use, and most importantly free form that you can download and print up to tape to your wall or distribute to your friends and family or whatever. Here's the link: https://www.cheatography.com/lammmas/cheat-sheets/russian-cases/ and obviously I won't be making any more posts on this discussion, so unfollow at your leisure.

2 years ago

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/calebhf1
  • 12
  • 11
  • 9
  • 9
  • 6
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2

I love Mother Russia

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Jannelies1

Thank you. This is very useful for someone like me, who doesn't understand a thing about grammar. This will probably help me understand some things better.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Craig-Humps
  • 19
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 6
  • 5
  • 5
  • 4

Very helpful. I'm finding it difficult to remember which are which. Here, have a Lingot!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Tintin_73
  • 25
  • 25
  • 14
  • 13
  • 13
  • 12
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 7
  • 7
  • 4
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 44

Thank you very much for this.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Proginoskes
  • 25
  • 23
  • 12
  • 11
  • 9
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 5
  • 5
  • 4
  • 4
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 24

This is really helpful, thanks.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/BrucePhilb

Thanks. I don't think I understood English grammar until I studied Russian grammar.

1 year ago
Learn Russian in just 5 minutes a day. For free.