https://www.duolingo.com/gmaf12

Since cxu is introducing a question, why we say "kie vi estas?" instead of "cxu kie vi estas?

gmaf12
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2 years ago

14 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/ionasky
ionasky
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  • 951

I mostly think of cxu as introducing a question that could be answered yes or no, replacing whether something is or isn't the case, or replacing, is, or do as the beginning of a question. No doubt more knowledgable esperantists will be able to clarify better than I

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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Exactly that. It's also used for either/or type questions. Open-ended questions use other question words.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/OnesimusUnbound
  • Yes/No question in English and German usually [1] require placing verb first in a sentence
  • Yes/No question in Spanish needs the inverted question mark (¿) since placing the verb first in a Spanish sentence doesn't change it into a question form.
  • Yes/No question in Esperanto is indicated by "cxu" before the sentence because Esperanto is a free word order, hence, like Spanish's "¿", it needs some marker to indicate you're asking yes/no question

[1] well, in speaking part, one can change intonation to ask question, but it 's harder to detect in written form.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/gmaf12
gmaf12
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Thanks ionasky! It makes sense.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/hawk2hawk
hawk2hawk
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Cxu is used to make a yes/no question from a simple statement. Vi estas ricxa => Cxu vi estas ricxa? Kie vi estas is a question already. If you had a statement like: Vi estas ie, you could ask Cxu vi estas ie? it wouldn't make much sense in this case, but that's the general rule for using Cxu. If you remove Cxu from a question, you end up with a statement that is either true or untrue. Perhaps it would be correct to say that "Cxu" is short for "Estas vera ke....?"

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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Cxu is short for cxu estas vere ke... :-)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ionasky
ionasky
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Oohhh fun fact, i didn't know that...squirrels new information away and hopes it's still there after the winter.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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It's not really a fact.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/hawk2hawk
hawk2hawk
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Knew I had read it somewhere... :)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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I'll believe that you read that cxu can be thought of as "is it true that". This is mostly true. However, the trouble is that "is it true that" translates to a phrase with "cxu" in it. "Estas vere ke" is not a way to start a question. It means "It's true that...". :-)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/hawk2hawk
hawk2hawk
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estas vere?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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When there's no noun subject (or pronoun), then the describing word is usually an adverb.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/GrandaUrso

Vere ;)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Bducdt
Bducdt
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ĉu is like adding a "yeah" "no?" after a statement in English or "isn't" before or something like that.

"Esperanto is very interesting, yes?"
"Isn't Esperanto very interesting?"
"Ĉu Esperanto estas tre interesa?"

Or, "Are you there?"
"Ĉu vi estas tie?

Vs.

"Where are you?"
"Kie vi estas?"

2 years ago
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