Latin for Duolingo: Verbs Present Tense 2, Lesson 3
Salvete omnes! Welcome back to Latin for Duolingo.
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We have added several verbs, but still have a long way to go. All of our new verbs this lesson are in the 3rd conjugation. Two of them are “i-stem” verbs, which have some characteristics of 4th conjugation verbs but still belong in the 3rd. Also, I like the medieval invention of the letter J and use it in jacio ... but purists prefer to stick with the letter I whenever it is used as a consonant. I’ll try to give both versions in the Memrise course whenever that is an issue. For the record, I also like punctuation and capital letters even though they weren’t systematized until modern times. One more note: these verbs have many different shades of meaning, and there are other Latin verbs that are sometimes used as synonyms. I can’t possibly introduce every different usage, or every synonym, so I haven’t tried at this point. They’ll need to be picked up at a more advanced level, when we are more confident with basic conjugations.
pila, ae = ball
debitum, i = debt
pretium, i = price
ago, agere, egi, actus, 3 = do, act, drive, give
capio, capere, cepi, captus, 3 (i-stem) = take, catch, capture
emo, emere, emi, emptus, 3 = buy, gain
jacio (iacio), jacere, jeci, jactus, 3 (i-stem) = throw, cast, hurl
ludo, ludere, lusi, lusus, 3 = play
solvo, solvere, solvi, solutus, 3 = loose, release, pay (off)
vendo, vendere, vendidi, venditus, 3 = sell
Lucia domum emit. = Lucia buys a house.
Gaius Luciae poculum cafeae emit. = Gaius buys Lucia a cup of coffee.
Quattuor libros emo. = I buy four books.
Quid emis? / Quid emitis? = What are you buying?
Panem et caseum emimus. = We are buying bread and cheese.
Marcus et Paula terram in Italiā emunt. = Marcus and Paula buy land in Italy.
Quis solvit? = Who is paying?
Rem solvimus. = We are paying (the thing, the bill).
Debitum solvit. = He pays the debt.
Pretium magnum solvitis. = You pay a big price.
Tibi solvo. = I am paying you.
Navem solvunt. = They set sail (lit., they loose the ship).
Pecuniā solvunt. = They pay in/with money/cash.
Quid vendis / venditis? = What are you selling?
Libros vendimus. = We are selling books.
Vinum vendit. = He is selling wine.
Marcus pilā ludit. = Marcus plays with a ball/ Marcus plays ball.
In aquā ludimus. = We are playing in the water.
Pueri puellaeque ludunt. = The boys and girls are playing.
Pater agit. = Dad is taking action/doing something.
Quid Gaius et Marcus agunt? = What are Gaius and Marcus doing?
Gratias puellis puerisque agimus. = We thank the girls and boys.
Pilam jacit. = He throws the ball.
Aquam in ignem jacimus. = We are throwing water on the fire.
Pueri pilas in puellas jaciunt. = The boys are throwing balls at the girls.
Lucia diarium jacit. = Lucia throws away the newspaper.
Poculum manu capio. = I take the cup in/with my hand.
Consilium capimus. = We take counsel/ We make a plan.
Pilam capit. = He catches/takes the ball.
Pecuniam capit. = He takes the money.
Id capis. = You are taking it.
Milites oppidum capiunt. = The soldiers capture the town.
Pater pisces capit. = Dad is catching fish.
Feles murem capit. = The cat catches the mouse.
As always, if you have questions, comments or corrections please let me know in the comment section below. Valete!
Next lesson: Verbs Present 2, lesson 4
Cool ! I know a bit of Latin Myself ! I wouldn't say I'm bilingual , though .
But you really should try it without the ' J ' , because it's just not real Latin to me . If the course contributors will do it the traditional way , then I will be most pleased .