[Short Guide] Everything about Text Formatting

Hello Duolinguers!

In this post I want to share with you how to make your post a little bit more organized and interesting :) Here, you will learn how to write in different styles, add clickable pictures, make hyperlinks and many other stuff. The information in this post was collected from other different comments and discussions. But I also put my two cents in ;)

Duolingo uses Markdown Formatting.


To do a header, you need to use the number sign (#), also known as hashtag. Headlines have 6 levels. The level is determined by the number of hashes at the beginning.

# First, ## Second, ### Third, #### Fourth, ##### Fifth, ###### Sixth







Line Breaks

To go to a new line without a paragraph break, you have to press Space two times and then press Enter.
To have a blank line before your next line of text, you have to press Enter two times.








How to change writing styles

Markdown uses asterisks (*) and underscores (_) to indicate spans of emphasis.

*Italic* or _Italic_

**Bold** or __Bold__

Bold Italic
***Bold Italic** or *_Bold Italic_* or _**Bold Italic**_


To show you the examples, I used Monospace (aka the yellow highlighter). It is used to show Markdown's formatting without changing the actual text. You can do it by adding backtick quotes (`) on both sides.
Do not mix up that symbol with an apostrophe (') !


Blockquotes are indicated using email-style (>) angle brackets.

> This is a blockquote.
> This is the second paragraph in the blockquote.
> ## This is an H2 in a blockquote


This is a blockquote.

This is the second paragraph in the blockquote.

This is an H2 in a blockquote


"*" or "-" should be added at the beginning of each paragraph. There should be a blank line between each item in the list.

* Bananas * Milk * Cookies


  • Bananas

  • Milk

  • Cookies

A period (.) should be added after each number of each paragraph. There should be a blank line between each item in the list.

1. Bananas 2. Milk 3. Cookies


  1. Bananas

  2. Milk

  3. Cookies

Those dots and numbers cannot be copied.

Separator Lines

Two blank lines should be entered both above and below.




[Here is you text](and here is your link)

[XP Quidditch](


XP Quidditch

NOTE: The discussion itself always uses blue hyperlinks. If you comment below, the hyperlink will be gray.


To post a picture in discussion, you will need the URL of that image:


![](here is URL of your image)(square brackets should be empty).




[![](here is URl of your image)](and here is a link to the site you want to go when clicking the image)



Hope this post helped you! Enjoy :D

May 7, 2016


Yessss! I desperately needed this!!! XD XD XD XD XD XD XD XD XD XD XD XD XD XD

May 20, 2016

Thank you! This helped me greatly

May 7, 2016

This is awesome!
I wanted to see how to format text for a really long time!!

May 8, 2016


August 16, 2017

Nicely done!

July 18, 2016

Like this?

Bold Italic

This isn't bold italic though. I don't understand.

May 7, 2016

You need 3 asterisks on both sides

May 7, 2016

Ok thank you! I'm practicing on my comment. ^_^

May 7, 2016

Hey! OK I figured it out! Thank you so much!

May 7, 2016

If you have any other questions feel free to ask :)

May 7, 2016

Is there underline?

April 24, 2018


April 7, 2017

Bold Italic

April 7, 2017

Hi, Hyllning has already made a very similar post a few months ago:

Therefore, I recommend deleting this post as you might be accused of copying/replicating it.

May 7, 2016

Well, there would be countless similar posts even before the post you mention. So who holds the copyright for this? :)

May 7, 2016

Hyllning's guide is good; I have it in my "followed" discussions.
This article is also good.
There is another one on the Duolingo Wiki; you can find it by searching for "format" or you can just click this link:

May 7, 2016

Hi everyone :)

December 23, 2016

Test (line)





December 22, 2016

why was the picture just a white cross in a black square :(:(:( and the "bigtext" <h1>bigtext</h1> :(:(:(

December 22, 2016

Duolingo quit accepting the headline with just one pound sign #, you have to put at least two.

Duolingo is weird about ampersands & too, if there is one in the image url it won't work. I could see the ampersand in the email notification I got but it's not in the url anymore because duo removes them, that's why they don't work.

I don't think you have an image url there though, an image url would probably end with .jpg or .png or .gif. It looks like maybe you just right clicked on the search results and and copied the url, you should open the image up first if that's what you did.

December 22, 2016

Oh, right :) I get it now :) strange it doesn't accept links with "&"s......:(

December 23, 2016

It's weird, some times you can't even type an & in the comments without it getting removed when you click post but sometimes you can.

December 23, 2016

Yeah.....weird :/

December 23, 2016

Now, I think if I place

It should make it bigger.

December 24, 2016

Yep, it did. `Let's see this`happen

December 24, 2016

Woot woot.


Does this work?


December 24, 2016

`What happens if I use` becomes: forward slashes instead of backslashes`

December 24, 2016

What happens if I Do this

December 24, 2016



December 25, 2016


December 25, 2016

Let's see. If you use the web version:

  1. Hover over your username
  2. Click "Settings"
  3. Scroll down until you see the section "Profile Picture" with a button saying "Choose file" or “Browse” depending on your browser and computer.
  4. Click "Choose File"
  5. Upload your new profile picture
  6. Scroll up and click the green button saying "Save changes"

Ta-Da Rocket Telescope combo

December 25, 2016

If I just keep typing, will it show up below. I am very curious to see what is going to happen.

December 25, 2016

Let's break \this paragraph

December 25, 2016

"Duolingo uses Mardown Formatting."

Grrr... man, starting right with a typo? Please correct it! :P

April 24, 2017

Regarding *"Wir können ihn ersetzen nicht", I can see now. A relevant quote from the linked page (

If, on the other hand, we wish to negate the whole general idea of the sentence, we put the "nicht" after modifier, at the end of the sentence: "Wir fahren am Montag nicht."

If the sentence has a verb complement ("verbal idea"), however, that will be the part that is negated:

Er spielt nicht Schach. = Er doesn't play chess.

Mein Großvater fährt nicht Auto. = My grandfather doesn't drive.

Consider this last example: "Mein Großvater fährt nicht Auto." <...> the concept here is "Auto fahren". "Auto," in other words, is the verb complement, necessary to the predicate's meaning, and so it goes to the end of the sentence, with the "nicht" preceding it.

Were the auto conceptually the object of "driving", i.e. an augmentation, rather than a necessary part of the predicate, then the sentence would read: "Mein Großvater fährt dieses Auto nicht."

So I guess the logic of "nicht" in German is the following. "Nicht" can be placed at the very end, before the point (negating "the whole point" of the sentence), but only when it is unavoidable.

In "Mein Großvater fährt dieses Auto", the main idea (the predicate) is "fährt", but the sentence can't be *"Mein Großvater nicht fährt dieses Auto" because the main verb should stay on the second place. So putting "nicht" at the end is unavoidable indeed.

On the contrary, the main idea in "Wir können ihn ersetzen" is "können ersetzen" (it can't be narrowed down to just "können"), so it's enough to negate a part of this (anyway conceptually individable) main idea: "können nicht ersetzen" (the surface form) -> "nicht können ersetzen" (the meaning) -> "not able to replace" (instead of apparent "able to not replace"). The idea of "able to not replace" would be expressed by some other means.

Finally, "Ersetzen können wir ihn nicht" is possible (right?) since "nicht" can't be put before "ersetzen" or "können" without shifting the main verb "können" from its second place.

Does that make sense to a German speaker?

August 8, 2017

Wow, this is incredible. Thanks!

March 5, 2019

Blockquotes are indicated using email-style () angle brackets.

um do u mean le meme greentext xdxd

May 7, 2016


May 7, 2016

its an inside joke that only some people will understand

May 7, 2016
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