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The determiner/article (in this case "o") stands for, the floor of his in the literal translation. Their house = a casa deles (The house of theirs). Her skirts = As saias dele (the skirts of hers).
Portuguese does not treat possessives in the same way that English does. This includes no possessive apostrophes.
João's flower = a flor de João (the flower of João).
Andar besides use as a verb for walking or various modes of going (horseback, train, rollerblading), when used as a noun is floor as in level or story, and is also used a lot (like piso) in Portugal:
Chão is ground or floor as in what you stand on:
Piso is also level, story, and floor but more in the sense of a surface than chão; as in a wood floor, a truck floor, a deck, or surface as in the tread on a tire:
In Portugal, and I believe most if not all of Europe, unlike in North America, the ground floor is floor zero (in elevators since "g" doesn't cover all languages), and the 1st floor is the one above the ground floor.
For addresses, "4°" means 4th floor (the "°" is an abbreviation like with the "th" in English – but there is some argument that it should be "4.°" to distinguish from exponential math symbols... where people are unlikely to live or work, and in any sense, if we do the math would mean everyone lives on the bottom floor then :D). Additionally, "R/C" means ground floor or, rés-do-chão.
• Esq or E = esquerdo (left)
• Dto or D = direito (right)
• Frente or F = front
• Trás or T = back
• Cave = (ca•ve in PT) basement, below ground level
this is simple not a sufficient translation. it might be literal, but with so many English synonyms for floor, and the unnatural sentance, i totally misunderstood the English too until the comments cleared it up for me. i was baffled. this either needs to be clarified (which DuoLingo is bad at not doing), or the sentence ought to just be removed. it is my opinion that it is worse to have this question that to leave it in the course without a note explaining that it means 'which floor does he live or work on?'