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Slow Finnish - Chapter 11f - Aurinko paistaa

Ilmansuunnat - The compass points

You need the inessive with the compass points when translating the preposition in.

  • pohjoisessa in the North
  • idässä in the East
  • etelässä in the South
  • lännessä in the West
  • koillisessa in the North-East
  • kaakossa in the South-East
  • lounaassa in the South-West
  • luoteessa in the North-West

You can use the compass points as prefixes. Notice that pohjoinen changes into pohjois-. Normally, the compass points are written with the first letter in the lower case. However, when a prefix is added to a name it is written with the first letter in the upper case. You also need a hyphen with names.

  • Pohjois-Suomi
  • Itä-Ruotsi
  • Länsi-Venäjä
  • Etelä-Espanja
  • pohjoisrannikko

Harjoitus 1

Käännä englanniksi. - Translate into English.

  • Asun Itä-Helsingissä.
  • Olet lomalla Pohjois-Italiassa.
  • Etelä-Lontoossa on paljon autoja.
  • Emme opiskele Länsi-Berliinissä vaan Itä-Berliinissä.
  • Pohjois-Afrikassa on paljon ihmisiä.
  • Pohjoisessa sataa lunta.
  • Etelässä on tänään kaunis ilma.
  • Koillisessa sataa räntää.
  • Kaakossa on 5 astetta pakkasta.
  • Lounais-Suomessa on 10 astetta lämmintä.
  • Luoteessa paistaa aurinko.
  • Matalapaineen alue saapuu idästä Suomeen.
  • Korkeapaineen alue saapuu lännestä Ruotsiin.
  • Ajokeli on liukas Pohjois-Kanadassa.
  • Ylihuomenna Itä-Virossa on kylmä ilma.
  • Etelä-Ranskassa on aurinkoista.
  • Huomenna etelärannikolla on tuulista.
  • Tänään itärannikolla on sumuista.

  • asuva someone who lives in some place
  • piti liked
  • positiivinen positive
  • ajatus thought (noun)
  • aina always
  • ajatteli thought (verb)
  • parhain päin in the best possible way
  • enemmän more
  • negatiivinen negative
  • Niin minäkin. Me too.
  • harmi vain että pity that
  • niin so
  • masentava depressing

Let me know what you thought about the lesson. Here is a link to the previous lessons.


May 12, 2016




Harjoitus 1

  • I live in eastern Helsinki.
  • You are on holiday in northern Italy.
  • There are lots of cars in southern London.
  • We do not study in West Berlin but in East Berlin.
  • There are lots of people in North Africa.
  • It is snowing in the North.
  • The weather is beautiful in the South today.
  • It is sleeting in the North-East.
  • It is -5 centigrade in the South-East.
  • It is +10 centigrade in south-western Finland.
  • The sun is shining in the North-West.
  • Low-pressure area arrives from the East to Finland.
  • High-pressure area arrives from West to Sweden.
  • The driving conditions are slippery in northern Canada.
  • The day after tomorrow it will be cold in eastern Estonia.
  • It is sunny in southern France.
  • Tomorrow it will be windy on the southern coast.
  • Today it is foggy on the eastern coast.


I like it that you have names for eight directions, not just four. Not that I can remember them yet. :) I only vaguely remember the main four plus south-west, because that's where you go when you want lunch. :)

Also, thanks for including a comic strip in every lesson.


At least -nen ->; -s is very common when turning words into compound stems (if that's the right word): koillinen ->; koillis-, hyttynen ->; hyttys-, ihminen ->; ihmis-. The other väli-ilmansuunnat (the mid-points) seem more unusual: kaakko ->; kaakkois-, luode ->; luoteis-, lounas ->; lounais- (only the compass point).


Kiitos for another lesson :) And onnea with your 600 day streak! :D


Kiitos paljon, Mari!


Emme opiskele Länsi-Berliinissä vaan Itä-Berliinissä How about Emme opiskele Länsi- vaan Itä-Berliinissä? Is this also possible with words without a hypen, for example Ei ole tuulista länsi- vaan etelärannikolla?


Your Berlin sentence is perfect. This is indeed not only possible with words with a hyphen as well as compound words but even recommendable. Your other sentence is not very elegant. You cannot start a sentence with an expression of weather when there is an expression of place in it. The place has to go first. Using vaan at the beginning of a sentence sounds strange, so you have to go through some linguistic somersaults here: Länsirannikolla ei ole tuulista, mutta etelärannikolla on. Compound words can be split though. Niin länsi- kuin etelärannikolla on tuulista. = It is windy on both the west and south coast. :)


Kiitos! :D Is there some word order for time expressions in weather-sentences as well? I assume that with these simple sentences it works like the place, so Tänään on tuulista is the only option, but I noticed that you usually put huomenna and so on between sataa and lunta/rakeita/etc., is it a rule or just style? :)


Expressions of time are placed in the beginning when there is no expression of place in the sentence: Huomenna sataa lunta. If there is an expression of place in the sentence, it goes before the verb and the expression of time usually precedes the object: Helsingissä sataa huomenna lunta. It is, however, possible to place the expression of time before the expression of place if you wish to emphasise it: Huomenna Helsingissä sataa lunta. :)


Marvelous, thank you! :)


Finnish seems so complicated!


That is because it is complicated. :D


It would be so much easier if I had only grown up speaking it.... :-)

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