Det + verb = there is/are
So far I've come across a lot of "Det + verb" to say "there is/are": - Det finns - Det är - Det ligger - Det sitter - Det står but i'm still struggling to figure out which one should I use. I think "Det finns" is used when talking about the existence of something.
Can you help me? Thanks!
"Det finns" is primarily used for things either existing or not existing, or that are perceived as such for some reason, such as a TV programme for example. "Det är" on the other hand is more for temporary things. This is a very general rule and it might not always be very logical which one is used.
As for the rest, Swedish, like most other Germanic languages, cares about the positioning of the thing described, and it can be lying, standing or sitting. Generally, vertical things stand, horizontal things lie and things stuck onto something sit. However, this is also a very general rule and reality might present you with a lot of counter-intuitive examples. For example, plates are considered standing despite their apparent flatness, and this generally goes for other things that have a smaller base that they stand on.
Hope that helps.
If something is put in place, like the plate on the table, you use stå. But actually, you can also use be vara, The plates are on the table => Tallrikarna är på bordet
But then they are not necessarily put where they are supposed to be ready for eating, they could also be in a pile on the table.