Duolingo is the most popular way to learn languages in the world. Best of all, it's 100% free!

https://www.duolingo.com/a.periz

Det + verb = there is/are

a.periz
  • 25
  • 1043

So far I've come across a lot of "Det + verb" to say "there is/are": - Det finns - Det är - Det ligger - Det sitter - Det står but i'm still struggling to figure out which one should I use. I think "Det finns" is used when talking about the existence of something.

Can you help me? Thanks!

2 years ago

3 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Zmrzlina
Zmrzlina
Mod
  • 14
  • 13
  • 12
  • 10
  • 4
  • 2
  • 2

"Det finns" is primarily used for things either existing or not existing, or that are perceived as such for some reason, such as a TV programme for example. "Det är" on the other hand is more for temporary things. This is a very general rule and it might not always be very logical which one is used.

As for the rest, Swedish, like most other Germanic languages, cares about the positioning of the thing described, and it can be lying, standing or sitting. Generally, vertical things stand, horizontal things lie and things stuck onto something sit. However, this is also a very general rule and reality might present you with a lot of counter-intuitive examples. For example, plates are considered standing despite their apparent flatness, and this generally goes for other things that have a smaller base that they stand on.

Hope that helps.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Peztis
Peztis
  • 21
  • 8
  • 913

If something is put in place, like the plate on the table, you use stå. But actually, you can also use be vara, The plates are on the table => Tallrikarna är på bordet

But then they are not necessarily put where they are supposed to be ready for eating, they could also be in a pile on the table.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Zmrzlina
Zmrzlina
Mod
  • 14
  • 13
  • 12
  • 10
  • 4
  • 2
  • 2

Ah, true that.

2 years ago