Yes you are right Sam, bees can bite. Bees bite or rather chew on things. In the context of the above sentence, i strongly believe it means the bee stings.
I have never been to Vietnam, so I cannot comment on the wildlife there, but I immediately thought of the sweat bees I have encountered, which will bite you. They are nowhere near as dangerous as multiple bee stings would be, but nonetheless, not a pleasant experience!
In the case about animals, in Vietnamese, the word 'các' is always replaced by the word 'những'.