"Die Katze ist schwarz. Es ist eine schwarze Katze."

Translation:The cat is black. It is a black cat.

January 26, 2013

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Here are tables that I constructed. I cannot learn without the grammar translation method first.

<pre> The Definate Articles and dieser, diese, dieses etc. </pre>

Case m f n pl Nominative der die das die Accusative den die das die Dative dem der dem den Genative des der des der

<pre> Adjective Endings </pre>

Case m f n pl Nominative e e e en Accusative en e e en Dative en en en en Genative en en en en

<pre> The Indefinate Articles and mien, meine etc (for meine etc) </pre>

Case m f n pl
Nominative ein eine ein e
Accusative einen eine ein e
Dative einem einer einem en
Genative eines einer eines er

<pre> Adjective Endings </pre>

Case m f n pl
Nominative er e es en
Accusative en e es en
Dative en en en en
Genative en en en en

<pre>Negation with the indefinate articles (kien(e)) </pre>

Case m f n pl
Nominative kein keine kein keine
Accusative keinen keine kein keine
Dative keinem keiner keinem keinen
Genative keines keiner keines keiner

<pre> Adjective Endings </pre>

Case m f n pl
Nominative er e es en
Accusative en e es en
Dative em er em en
Genative es er es en

<pre> Adjective endings where there is not article or After etwas, mehr, wenig, viel, mehrer, all </pre>

Case m f n pl Nominative er e es e Accusative en e es e Dative em er em en Genative en er en er

Sentence begins with an adjective: -e. Adjective at the end of sentence: not declined.
Modified noun (e.g. red wine): adjective declined. Adjectives not directly attached to a noun: not declined


Oh my goodness, me too! Thank you so much!


There are some typo in your text but still managed to understand the meaning. I always have issue with these rules. I have copied your table. Thanks for the info.


How do the endings of the colours work? They keep changing from Schwarz, to Schwarze, to Schwarzen and I can't see the rule. Help?


"Schwarz" is an adjective. There are two basic types of adjectives:

1) Predicative adjectives, i.e. adjectives used after the verbs "sein" (to be) and "werden" (to become). They get no additional ending but remain unchanged: "Die Katze ist schwarz/Ein Hund ist schwarz/ Die Häuser sind schwarz", etc.

2) Attributive adjectives, i.e. adjectives used before a noun. They get additional endings: "die schwarzE Katze"/ "ein schwarzER Hund"/ "die schwarzEN Häuser". The endings of attributive adjectives depend on several factors:

a) the type of article that is used before the adjective (der-words, ein-words, unpreceded)

b) whether the noun is masculine, feminine, neuter or plural

c) the case of the noun (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative)

For more information including charts of the endings you have to use, read the chapters on adjectives here: http://coerll.utexas.edu/gg/gr/index.html?si=adj

To come back to your exercise: In the sentence "Die Katze ist schwarz", "schwarz" is used after a form of the verb "to be" (sein). Thus, it is a predicative adjective and remains unchanged.

In the second sentence "Es ist eine schwarze Katze", the adjective is used before the noun "Katze". It is an attributive adjective and therefore gets an ending. The article "eine" is an ein-word, the noun "Katze" is feminine and nominative. Because of these factors, the adjective adds the ending "-e": "eine schwarzE Katze".


Thank you! I'm printing that out and keeping it around!


Better still, lets have more double sentences like this for practice! one illustration is worth a thousand grammar words... life is too short to learn German by these long-winded rules, at least mine is!


Yes! Exactly so! I can't stop in the middle of a sentence and say "Wait five minutes while I read up about that rule again"!


Seconded. Or thirded (if that's a word). These kinds of sentences are extremely helpful.


Great explanation! Thanks!


It changes with the gender of the word, like a direct object. Die Katze, Die Schwarze Katze, Der Hund, Der Schwarzen Hund Das Pferd, Das Schwarz Pferd.


I think all 3 examples given here would have an adjective ending in -e, because adjectives preceding a noun either end in -e if the definite article is in the nominative singular case, or in -en if the definite article is in another case and/or plural. Here, the definite articles have the nominative case (I assume, since there aren't actually sentences) and are paired with singular nouns.

die schwarze Katze - der schwarze Hund - das schwarze Pferd

If I have this wrong, corrections are welcome :)


Is 'es' (neut.) correct? In a previous module I think I saw that the pronoun agreed with the gender of the subject, so in this case that would be 'sie' (f.). Or does it change to 'es' because 'it' is now the subject of a new sentence, and therefore can/should take 'es'?


It can be either "es" or "sie" (ist eine schwarze Katze), though for objects and animals you'd usually use "es".


Could you also say "Die ist eine schwarze Katze"?


Wouldn't it be "... Sie ist eine schwarze Katze." since we know what we are referring to already?


You can but it's more usual to use es.


Sorry, the tables did not maintain my formating.


Katze = femenine noun

I thought the sentence should be written as: "SIE ist eine schwarze Katze."

Or does this only happen when you separate a sentence with a comma?


It could be either "Es" or "Sie".

See Myra's previous comment:

It can be either "es" or "sie" (ist eine schwarze Katze), though for objects and animals you'd usually use "es".


One thing that threw me off was determining what the correct case is for 'Katze.'

Both 'Es' and 'Katze' are the subject, and they are equal to one another which means they both take the 'Nominativ' case. This can also be identified by looking at the 'eine' indefinite article.

I found this resource to be helpful for adjective endings: https://courses.dcs.wisc.edu/wp/readinggerman/adjective-endings/


I really appreciate this (and similar) drills. It helps me see how the endings work on the colors. Thank, Duo!


This German grammar app has very good explanations and handy adjective endings tables.


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