https://www.duolingo.com/terriruth

y or e?

Are there different situations when "y" or "e" should be used for "and", or are they interchangeable?

February 24, 2012

17 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/vschum
  • 15
  • 14
  • 8

This is mostly a pronunciation aid; to guard against having to produce the same vowel consecutively. Very similar to the way we say "an apple" instead of "a apple" in English.

February 25, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/Luis
Plus
  • 25
  • 18
  • 11
  • 9
  • 4
  • 1209

You always use "y" except if the next word starts with "i" or "hi" (that is, if the word starts with the "i" sound in Spanish). For example, you say "hijo y padre" ("son and father"), but "padre e hijo" (father and son).

February 25, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/phoque
  • 19
  • 9
  • 3

Thanks for the post.

November 16, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/Resonance2001

Correct answer above. I also say that you would not hear the 'y' before hijo in Spanish so they use 'e' in these situations, the same as using 'u' instead of 'o' in front of words that would mask the sound

May 28, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/Austin_Texas

Almost 50 years I've been speaking Spanish (however fragmentary) and this is the first time I've heard this. I ran several appropriate phrases through Google Translate, and sure enough, 'u otras' instead of 'o otras.' Gracias a todos.

February 11, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/bclark13

When replacing "y" with "e" is the "e" sound changed to sound like the "e" in "every" or does it stay the same, with the normal "y" sound?

August 31, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/Luis
Plus
  • 25
  • 18
  • 11
  • 9
  • 4
  • 1209

It changes to "e" like "every".

September 1, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/Timjiang

When the following next word starts with "i" or "hi", you'd use "e" instead

September 28, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/RockinAbs

Are "y" and "e" pronounced the same? Are they just there for it to look better when written or what? Same with "u" and "o".

January 1, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/vschum
  • 15
  • 14
  • 8

In both cases, the pronunciation is different but the meaning is the same.

For clarification, y/e mean 'and,' while o/u mean 'or.' The latter versions are used when the proceeding word begins with a vowel, as a means of avoiding the double pronunciation of vowels, which is 'illegal' in Spanish.

January 1, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/RockinAbs

So what is the difference (pronunciation wise) between 'e' and 'y'? What about 'o' versus 'u'?

January 1, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/JessicaAFM

I think this is another Latin America vs Spain thing. In all 4 years of Spanish I took in high school e and u were never used. However we were learning European Spanish.

July 30, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/Luis
Plus
  • 25
  • 18
  • 11
  • 9
  • 4
  • 1209

No, this is not a Latin America vs Spain thing: it is true everywhere.

July 30, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/jaxx2009

They just didn't teach you because it's probably a very minor issue. I knew about it because while learning spanish in school I also used the internet to reinforce it but we never learned it in our classes.

July 30, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/JessicaAFM

I would agree that might be the case but by fourth year we read short stories and essays and other more complex writings. I suppose its always possible that not a single sentence ever popped up that would warrant the use of either substitute. By the way, I am old enough that the internet was not widely in use when I was in school and those few that did have it were lucky if it took less than 5 minutes to dial up so not really an option when I was in school. :-)

July 30, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/legoreptile

I was wrong the have special situations when e and y are used (see luis for details)

November 20, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/homefire

I studied Spanish three years in high school and never, ever heard this. Interesting, but odd that they didn't teach it. I also have never before seen the u with two dots. I wondered if these are Spain vs. Latin America differences? My teaching was the latter.

January 30, 2014

Related Discussions

Learn Spanish in just 5 minutes a day. For free.