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  5. "Я преподаю физику."

"Я преподаю физику."

Translation:I teach physics.

May 23, 2016

10 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Maestronomous

Would there be any difference to say "Я учу физику"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Djenthallman

It means: "I learn physics"

But there's a colloquial version: Я учу физике, which is about teaching.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/zirkul
Mod
  • 1944

To elaborate on Djenthallman's comment:
In Russian, the verb "учить" сould mean both "to teach" and "to study". If the direct object (i.e. the one that is in the accusative case) is an academic subject (i.e. "физику"), the meaning is unambiguously "to study".
If the direct object is either a person or a group (i.e. "тебя", "его", "студентов") or is absent/implied, the meaning is unambiguously "to teach". You would then use the dative case for the subject being taught - "физике" (it's an indirect object here).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Scubadog_

I am so sorry to hear that


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/freerangeware

Мой отец тоже преподает физику. :ь


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TrioLinguist

The infinite of this imperfective verb is преподавать, so why isn't this преподаваю? Is it an irregular verb?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BenYoung84

I'm not confident on this by any stretch but I'm starting to get the impression that this is a thing about verbs ending in -вать. This is a suffix given to some perfective verbs to create an imperfective version. It seems to me (from a very limited sample size!) that these cases don't include the в in the present tense forms.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/R_R1234

No Duo, you teach languages


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/carneeki

Сова очень физика! / The Owl really likes physics.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ben636789

Another very similar sentence in this lesson emphasizes the dative "я преподаю физике". I understood the explanation to be that the accusative here was for the group being taught (students), and that dative was used for the subject. In English you could say either "I teach students" or "I teach physics"; you could also say "I teach physics to students," which suggests physics in the accusative and students in the dative. So i can see the use of физику lining up with the English usage, but am having trouble reconciling this with the discussion in the other lesson using физике.

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