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  5. "Ihr esst einen Apfel."

"Ihr esst einen Apfel."

Translation:You are eating an apple.

May 23, 2016

229 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/andrew_cummings

This doesn't really make sense; how can more than one person (ihr = plural you) be eating a singular (einen) apple?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

If you say "Ihr esst einen Apfel." it is implied that each person eats an apple, not that some people eat one single apple. That's how we say it, it makes perfect sense in German.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MarcusXyw

But does it make perfect sense in English too, or should "Ihr esst einen apfel" be translated to "You're eating apples" instead?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bvschardin

And how would that contrast with "Ihr isst Äpfel" ? Would that sentence imply then that each person eats multiple apples?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

If you use the correct conjugation for "ihr" (2nd pers. plural): "Ihr esst Äpfel." then it would quite probably imply that each person (or at least some of them) eat(s) more than one apple.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bvschardin

:) Touché. Yes. Esst. But the question still stands: Is there a contrast in meaning between the singular and plural objects in this sentence?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

Yes, there is. As I said using "Äpfel" it can mean that each person eats multiple apples (more exactly: one or more than one), while "Ihr esst einen Apfel." means that everybody eats one apple each.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/icalregn

okay, now I got curious... How would you say then that everybody eats one single apple, all of them?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ahoseyjr

You actually helped me a lot with this. I also for got all about air vs ear


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/specialK913

air vs ear hahaha, I was so confused for a second.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Steve34747

Two people can easily eat one apple, if it's divided in half, or cut into smaller pieces and then divided into two groups of smaller pieces. It's very easy to share almost anything among multiple people.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Walentinio

It's exactly what I wanted to write. Ein Lingot für dich :-)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lonewolf68w

Can somebody please explain du vs ihr? Danke in advance mates


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

It's singular vs. plural.
"Du" is used when you are talking to one person: Du isst einen Apfel. - You [one person] are eating an apple.
"Ihr" is used when you are talking to a group of people: Ihr esst einen Apfel: You [all] are eating an apple.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ajofarc

I thought when you are talking to a group of people (second person plural) you used Sie, the same as the second person singular formal version. I'm so confused between Sie and Ihr.

And if Ihr is spoken to multiple people, wouldn't the verb be the second person plural form ("ihr essen") rather than the second person singular form (du isst)? So I'm also confused there.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

du isst = 2nd pers. sing. = talking informally to one person
ihr esst = 2nd pers. pl. = talking informally to more than one person
Sie essen = talking formally to one or more person(s) = 3rd pers. pl. conjugation


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sadvisual

what's the difference between esst, essen, and isst?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nancy783127

isst goes with the third person singular (er, sie es). essen goes with the first person plural and third person plural (wir, sie). [It also goes with the second person formal singular and plural, but that hasn't come up yet.] esst goes with the second person informal singular and plural (du, ihr). These last two wouldn't normally use the same verb form, but they coincidentally do here.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

ihr esst is correct but it is du isst, not du esst.

If the vowel changes (here: from "e" to "i"), then it does so for both du and er, sie, es forms.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nancy783127

Thanks for the correction!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/luke791859

Why do I keep hearing "Er" as "Ihr"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RichardJef18

If you listen closely, "er" sounds like "air" and "ihr" sounds like "ear", hope it'll help


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Rcsik

So in this case einen is used intead of ein because Apfel is accusative and it is a masculine word right? So if Apfel was replaced with Banane, which is feminine, it would be eine correct?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

Exactly, everything you say is correct.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Subject00147

Is this "you [all] are eating one apple" or "you [all] are eating one apple [each]"? Or is it ambiguous and based on context?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SaulGoodma18

Please excuse my question, but what if I want to say the same thing in Past tense. You ate an apple


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

Singular: Du aßt einen Apfel. (Präteritum); Du hast einen Apfel gegessen. (Perfekt, often preferred over Präteritum in spoken language)
Plural (i.e. you all): Ihr aßt einen Apfel. (Präteritum); Ihr habt einen Apfel gegessen. (Perfekt).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HilalZiauddin

what's the difference between esst and isst? I'm guessing esst is for Ihr and isst is for Er


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Desert-R0se

Perfectly correct! esst is for ihr and isst is for er/sie/es/man.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

isst is also for du.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/_sophxeee

I don't understand when to you use "ihr" and when to use "du." Could someone please explain? :(


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/YashPalGoy

---- | sing | plural 1st | esse | essen 2nd | ?? | esst 3rd | isst | essen

am i correct? and what is used for 2nd person singular?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

du isst

The rest is correct


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/seyyedhuss

When does " ihr esst" mean "is eating" and when mean "eat"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

It could mean both (though it would be "are eating", as "ihr esst" is plural), German does not distinguish here.
When I started learning English it was very strange for me that I had to distinguish between simple and progressive forms, as German does not know this concept.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Tamjid1

can someone exolaiin ein, eine, einen?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ajofarc

Ein means "a" for masculine and neuter forms where the noun is the subject of the sentence. Eine means "a" for feminine forms where the noun is the subject of the sentence. Einen means "a" for masculine forms where the noun is the OBJECT of the sentence.

So you would say Ein Mädchen isst einen Apfel. (A girl is eating an apple.)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MusicalMimics

How would you say this phrase but with "you're" in German?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

It would be the same - there is no present progressive in German. Maybe you could add the little word gerade (at the moment) in order to emphasize that it is happening right now (Ihr esst gerade einen Apfel.).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/s.chaterji

What's the difference between Du and Ihr?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

The difference between you and you (plural) a.k.a. you all.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JoseEnriqueLugo

What is the difference between eine Apfle and einen Apfle?? Are both correct or I'm missing something??


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ajofarc

When "Apfel" is the SUBJECT of the sentence, the correct indefinite article would be "ein".

When "Apfel" is the OBJECT of the sentence, the correct indefinite article would be "einen".

So, "Ein Apfel ist lecker," while "Du isst einen Apfel."


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

You must use accusative case here. As "Apfel" (not "Apfle"!) is masculine, it's "einen Apfel". "Eine" would be correct for a feminine noun: "Ihr esst eine Orange".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sahar279227

Why is it einen??while the one sentence before this one
Was ein apfel??


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

I suppose in the sentence before, Apfel was the subject of the sentence, hence in nominative case. Here it's the direct object, hence in accusative case, therefore it's einen.
See e.g.:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grammatical_case
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grammatical_case#German


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Yana234588

What is the difference between Ihr esst and Ihr isst


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

"ihr isst" is not correct (wrong combination of pronoun and conjuation).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ajofarc

Duolingo actually gave me a "correct" answer as "Ihr isst" when I thought the correct answer was "Er isst"; that's why I was getting so confused about "ihr". I always thought "ihr" was a possessive pronoun (their), not a nominative pronoun (you).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

"ihr" is both, a personal pronoun (ihr esst = you [all] eat) and a possessive pronoun (das ist ihr Haus = that is her house / that is their house)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sabrina872889

Why is it einen apfel and not ein apfel?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Shaniac20

Correct me if I am wrong, but I thought "ihr" meant "their" in english.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

"ihr" can mean different things.

  • personal pronoun "you" (plural): ihr esst - you [all] eat (2nd person plural)
  • possessive pronoun "her": Das ist ihr Auto. That is her car.
  • possessive pronoun "their": Das ist ihr Auto. That is their car.

Usually it is clear from context, wich function "ihr" has.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ajofarc

THANK YOU!!! I have been so incredibly confused by "ihr" in Duolingo. I studied German in school decades ago and only remembered "ihr" as "their".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Averi6

Gern geschehen sounds like more old style of past centuries


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

It isn't, it's just a bit more formal than "bitte".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TreasaWilson

Does anyone else have problems telling the difference between 'ihr' and 'er' on the audio? Or is is a problem with my speaker.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ajofarc

I sometimes have trouble with that, but it's much clearer when I click the turtle button (for a slower pronunciation of the audio).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AdityaVerm578623

Einen is used for the Accusativ case/object case?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nancy783127

Only if the noun is masculine, like Apfel. Otherwise it would be eine (feminine) or ein (neuter).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MelissaDoc3

Stupid me is struggling with why du and ihr both mean you. I thought du was you are and irh was i am. Can someone simplify this for me please.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

"du" means "you" (talking to one person)
"ihr" means "you all" (talking two or more people)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jucapelasso

why "einen" not "eine"? apfel is on singular


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Yes, singular, masculine, accusative -- therefore einen.

eine would be appropriate for a feminine singular noun, which Apfel is not.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NehaDeogade

According to me, here it should be Ihr essen einen Apfel. I don't understand how it used esst instead of essen. Can anyone explain?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

No, ihr essen is not correct -- the correct verb form for ihr is ihr esst.

Perhaps you are making the mistake of thinking essen is "the plural form" of the verb.

But that would be a bit like like thinking that "eats" is "the singular form" of the verb in English -- true, it is used only in the singular, but not for all persons of the singular: "he eats" is correct but "I eats" is not correct.

Similarly in German, wir essen and sie essen (we eat, they eat) is correct but for "you" (plural) it is ihr esst. So there is no "plural form" for all plural subjects, nor is there one single translation into German of "are eating" -- you have to look at the subject and determine whether it is wir or ihr or sie, then choose the correct verb form.

(Is English your native language? If not, does your native language use the same verb form for "you (all) are eating" as it does for "we are eating" or "they are eating"?)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NehaDeogade

I speak three languages. Marathi, Hindi, and English. I thought, "Essen" is a plural form of the verb.

Thank you.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sachin319730

Why 'esst' ? Why not 'isst' ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Because the verb form for ihr does not change the vowel of the stem, unlike the verb forms for du and er, sie, es.

Thus er isst and du isst, but ihr esst with the same vowel as the dictionary form essen.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BergLowe

Hello, can someone explain something for me? I'm a bit confused, because I've heard two things about 'ihr' one is that it can be used as an informal word for you like 'sie'. However my German teacher said it means 'Y'all' or 'you all' it seems there is some truth to both? sorry, I am still a bit confused on it. Und viel danke!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

English “you” can correspond to one of three German words:

  • du when speaking to one person whom you know well
  • ihr when speaking to several people whom you know well (some English speakers use “y’all” for this)
  • Sie (always capitalised) when speaking to one or more people whom you do not know well

(Well, since “you” can also be used as an object in English, it can also be translated as dir, dich, euch, Ihnen, which are forms of du, ihr, Sie.)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BergLowe

Viel Danke! Yeah, I've also seen 'Man' used as 'you, one' but I think these words are used contextually different than they would be in English. I appreciate the reply!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Libsharding

I'm so confused, why does it matter what eat you put in there, dont they all mean the same thing?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

In the sense that “am, is, are” all “mean the same thing”. They’d all translate into the same word in Esperanto or Danish, for example.

But it still “matters” in the sense that you can’t say “I is hungry” or “She are hungry” or “You am hungry” (Danish: Jeg er sulten, hun er sulten, du er sulten.)

You have to use the verb form that matches the subject,


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SureshLana

When to use esst and isst?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Look at the subject.

du isst (you eat: speaking to one person) and er isst, sie isst, es isst as well as der Mann isst, die Frau isst, das Kind isst

ihr esst (you eat: speaking to several people)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sarah134711

Why not "She eats an apple" ?

How do you know when Ihr means you, she, or them?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

As a subject of a sentence, not before a noun, ihr means "you".

"she eats an apple" would be sie isst einen Apfel.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Joshua269286

How do you know wether to say "they eat" or "they are eating"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

In the absence of context, either is usually accepted. (Standard) German does not make a distinction.

If there is a time expression such as "every day" or "right now", then that may dictate the tense to use in English.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Fatima355155

I wrote in the past tense does it change??

they said its wrong


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

The German sentence is present tense.

Translating it with the past tense would not be correct.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AdeeOKelle

Why is ein sometimes used before the word Apfel and then einen is also used? I know it has to do with the rest of the sentence but I just don't know the scenario in which I would use which one.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DieFrau94930

You plurual needs to be "you guys" or "you all" its not just you


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

You plurual needs to be "you guys" or "you all" its not just you

There is no universally-accepted specifically-plural form of "you" in English -- some use "y'all", some use "all y'all", some use "yinz", ....

The standard English version is simply "you", and does not let you distinguish between singular and plural.

"you guys" and "you all" are often accepted in translations, but will not be displayed by Duolingo in sentences to translate.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/UnknownGuy10

when does "ihr" mean "i" and "you"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

when does "ihr" mean "i" and "you"?

"I" is ich.

"you (several people)" is ihr

Same first letter, and they both have an h in their spelling, but otherwise quite different.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JimWatkins7

Why did it mark me wrong for saying "eat" rather than "are eating" for esst?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Why did it mark me wrong for saying "eat" rather than "are eating" for esst?

What was your entire sentence?

Do you have a screenshot showing your answer and the error message that you can upload to a website somewhere, then paste the URL in a comment here?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/YouvalSorek

What is the difference between "du" and "ihr"? Are theese singular and plural?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

Yep - see other comments.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Tim839466

Ihr isst einen Apfel can mean 'you are eating an apple' or 'you eat an apple'. Why was I marked wrong for choosing one form over the other?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Ihr isst einen Apfel

is a wrong sentence. It has to be Ihr esst einen Apfel.

can mean 'you are eating an apple' or 'you eat an apple'.

Indeed.

Why was I marked wrong

Impossible to say from the information you have provided. Do you have a screenshot?

The most common causes are small typos, or translating the sentence into English rather than writing it down in German when you have a listening exercise.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Parvinkhanlou

when do you use Eine and when do you use einen


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

when do you use Eine and when do you use einen

eine is feminine nominative or feminine accusative.

einen is masculine accusative.

So it depends on the gender of the following noun and on the role of that noun in the sentence (which case it takes).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AlvaroDelg365531

What is the difference between isst and esst?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo
  • ich esse
  • du isst
  • er/sie/es isst (also for singular nouns e.g. der Mann isst)
  • wir essen
  • ihr esst
  • sie essen

The verb form you use depends on the subject.

isst is for du (you - one person) or for "he/she/it" and singular nouns; esst is for ihr (you - several people).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/eoFi14

You eat an apple should also be accepted!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

You eat an apple should also be accepted!

"You eat an apple" is accepted in a translation exercise.

Do you have a screenshot showing that answer being rejected?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Galachka2

Why "are eating" ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Hacker944831

How to get hold of the verbs isst/esst or esse/essen? Anyone provide clear examples and translations for each verb that dictate the difference?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/r0bix

Why not "Du isst einen Apfel" ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Why not "Du isst einen Apfel" ?

Because du is used when speaking to one person, ihr when speaking to several people.

Duo must be speaking his sentence to several people at once.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RalinLynx

The audio is confusing. It reads "Ihr esst" as 'ihr isst'. Only if you listen to the slow version it sounds correct.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mashhoodul

Why in some sentence comes ein apfel and in here came einen apfel


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NathanielManzi

Why would I use Ihr instead of Du


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Use du when you're speaking to one person.

Use ihr when you're speaking to several people at once.

Singular versus plural.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jan534792

Nominative or Accusative? (...Apfel) How can you tell??


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

How can you tell?

Grammar.

The verb essen requires a direct object in the accusative case, so Ihr esst ... Apfel has to be accusative: einen

On the other hand, sein (to be) joins a subject to a predicate in the nominative case, so Das ist ... Apfel has to be nominative: ein.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LauraPraud

Does Ihr= we? Not Ihr= you (my opinion)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Does Ihr= we?

No. ihr = you (when talking to several people).

"we" = wir.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/VishalAhuj1

Can't it be you eat an bread?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

“An bread” is not correct English.

And if you’re asking about einen Brot: that’s not correct German (using masculine accusative einen with the neuter noun Brot).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jess237682

This is, you (lot) are eating an apple, right?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

That's right.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jashtelle

Ihr esst einen Apfel. Like sharing?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Yes - sharing an apple.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Danny45141311811

They aren't sharing an apple, they are each eating their own apple.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/FrankelPopankel

I don't like how DL forces the present continuous tense when using word bubbles.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Shannel920586

to make things easier for anyone: ich esse (i eat) du isst (you, singular eats) er/sie/es/man isst (he/she/it/one eats) wir essen (we eat) ihr esst (you plural/polite eat) sie essen (they eat)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/o4gP7

So... Du isst und ihr esst?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

So... Du isst und ihr esst?

Precisely.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Shiva642036

How is "esst" pronounced?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

How is "esst" pronounced?

Exactly how it's spelled.

Like the beginning of "Estonia" or the end of "test".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Menna184391

Is one apple diffrence from an apple


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Is one apple diffrence from an apple

Not in German -- both would be written the same way.

(When speaking, the stress will be different, but that's not reflected in writing.)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AlonClemme

When "esse" is conjugated as "esst", does that imply the subject is feminine?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

When "esse" is conjugated as "esst", does that imply the subject is feminine?

No.

When the subject is ihr (you - several people), the verb always ends in -t, as in ihr esst, whether you are talking to several men, several women, or a mixed group of men and women.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Eli.Lo.Lo

Why is it Ihr esst, instead of Ihr isst?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Why is it Ihr esst, instead of Ihr isst?

Because the base verb is essen with ess-, and there's no reason for the vowel to change.

Verbs that change their vowel do so only in the du and er/sie/es verb forms.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/FaraazAshraf

Is "one apple" a wrong translation of "einen Apfel"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Is "one apple" a wrong translation of "einen Apfel"?

No.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Pratik120620

Shouldn't it be you guys are eating an apple


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Shouldn't it be you guys are eating an apple

That's also an accepted translation.

But the default sentence uses simply "you" rather than "you guys" or "you all" or "y'all".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Shrutesh3

I thought second person plural and third person singular have the same verb form. Is this an exception ? (Isst vs esst)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

second person plural and third person singular both have the ending -t, so they usually look the same.

However, there are some verbs that change their vowel in the second and third person singular: from e to i or ie, from a to ä, or from au to äu.

Since this vowel change, in the verbs where it occurs, only affects the singular, the third person singular and the second person plural will look different -- they will have the same ending but different vowels.

Thus er lebt, ihr lebt but er gibt, ihr gebt; er sagt, ihr sagt but er trägt, ihr tragt; er geht, ihr geht but er sieht, ihr seht; er kauft, ihr kauft but er läuft, ihr lauft.

Whether a verb changes the vowel (and in the case of e, whether it goes to i or to ie) is something you have to learn individually for each verb.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/laurent.broering

Shouldn't "You are eating ONE apple" be accepted too?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Shouldn't "You are eating ONE apple" be accepted too?

It should, yes. It's a missing alternative.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Rachel512756

It doesnt pick up every word i say


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/siddharth231679

Why are you not lising us properly even after hearing 10 to 50 how 1 can do mistake in it.....


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sammiebea

I was under the impression that 'Ihr' was an informal plural of you, as in "all of you'', if thats the case why are they eating a single apple?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

I was under the impression that 'Ihr' was an informal plural of you

That is correct.

if thats the case why are they eating a single apple?

It's called "sharing".

Perhaps they are three small children; you cut an apple into little slices and handed each child two or three slices for a little snack.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AdamOoi85

When an accusative object got labelled ein, eine, and einen?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

When an accusative object got labelled ein, eine, and einen?

  • masculine: einen (e.g. ich sehe einen Hund)
  • feminine: eine (e.g. ich sehe eine Katze)
  • neuter: ein (e.g. ich sehe ein Pferd)

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

What is esst?

It's a form of the verb essen.

Specifically, the form you need when the subject is ihr (you - several people).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/yoghurt_is_cool

Is there an easy way to learn the differences in cases? For when to use esst, isst, esse, essen and such?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Frankly652771

"Du esst eine apfel" is also correct for "You are eating an apple",right?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

"Du esst eine apfel" is also correct for "You are eating an apple",right?

No.

  • The subject and the verb don't match -- either du isst if you are talking to one person or ihr esst if you are talking to several people, but never du esst
  • Apfel is a noun and so it has to be capitalised (unfortunately, Duolingo doesn't check this)
  • Apfel is masculine, so you need the masculine accusative einen before it, not feminine accusative eine

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KaKa597806

Why er/sie/es + hat but er/sir/es + isst the first just add t, the latter st? hmm, I'm a little bit confused sorry


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

essen has the verb stem ess-.

So isst just adds a -t after the -ss-.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Why not eine apfel?

  • There is no word apfel in German. "apple" in German is Apfel.
  • Apfel is masculine. eine is feminine. So the two don't work together.

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Wolf870958

Do they mean that there are more people and they share one apple?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AbigailBra712630

How do you know if its "You are eating an apple" or "You eat an apple"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

How do you know if its "You are eating an apple" or "You eat an apple"?

Both translations are fine.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ThomasMgte

Why translation you eat incorrect ? I thought it was same to say


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Why translation you eat incorrect ?

Because the German sentence has Ihr esst einen Apfel.

You did not translate the einen Apfel part.

(Please always quote your entire answer when you have a question.)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ValentinaMig

How do I know the difference between " you are eating an apple" and "you are eating the apple" sometimes I get it wrong and in Deutsch is the same "einen" and I write "the" or "an".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

in Deutsch is the same "einen"

Er, what? No, it isn't.

You are eating an apple. = Du isst einen Apfel.

You are eating the apple. = Du isst den Apfel.

ein, eine is the indefinite article -- like "a, an".

der, die, das is the definite article -- like "the".

Sometimes, German uses a definite article where English uses no article, or English uses an indefinite article where German uses no article, or other exceptions -- but most of the time, the usage is very similar in both languages.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bbraat66

Ah, on the fast speach version I thought it said, "hier ist einen apfel"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JordyB18

If ihr is the plural case then shouldn't this be eating apples?

Unless there are multiple people eating the same apple?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gabi108720

For the phrase "you are eating an apple" , why can't you use "du" instead of "ihr" for the english word "you" ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

For the phrase "you are eating an apple" , why can't you use "du" instead of "ihr" for the english word "you" ?

"you are eating" can be either du isst or ihr esst.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AbigailBra712630

The reason why is because "du" refers to one person. And "ihr" is referring to multiple people. Like in English, we would say "you guys, y'all" or refer to the group of people as you.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/hiro934956

Didn´t it sound like "Hier ist ein Apfel."? Oh, maybe not.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/vippopper

I know ihr means you (multiple people) so how can multiple people eat one apple


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

If you say "Frank und Peter essen einen Apfel" (i.e. multiple people, but Apfel being used in its singular form and with singular indef. article einen) in German this means: each one of these people is eating one apple.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jack335459

Ihr esst einen Apfel "You eat 1 apple." makes no sense "einen" is masculine accusative a i can put up with being felted with an even though as a native english speaker i rarely use an but 1 thats to much of a imposition see i used a instead of an


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AmberLadd3

Literally can never tell the difference between: ein, eine, and einen when they speak.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AnasM.Most

What diffrents between esst and isst


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TreasaWilson

Du isst = 1 person. Ihe esst = 2+ people


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Treacle18

How do multiple people eat one apple? An interesting sight.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

Take a knife and cut it in pieces.
By the way, the German sentence can mean that each one of the people eats one apple each.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Cut it into slices.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HanselCastilla

Question... for saying The Apple, It is "Der Apfel" (male) so why an apple is Eiene Apfel (female) ???


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

It does not say eiene Apfel (eiene is not even a word) but rather einen Apfel, which is not feminine at all -- it is the masculine accusative form.

Feminine nouns would use eine for the nominative or accusative cases; for example, ihr esst eine Banane.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MelaniaBet

What is the difference between "du" and "ihr"? Both mean "you" and I don't know how to use them


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Use du when speaking to one person whom you know well (or to a child).

Use ihr when speaking to several people whom you know well (or to several children).

It's like the difference between "I" and "we", or between "he" and "they".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BarVicBirx

Can somebody explain to me why it is einen Apfel and not ein Apfel?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/hosseinkaz4

Why sometimes say "ein" and sometimes say "einen " for apfel ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

ein Apfel is the nominative case -- used when it's the subject, among other things.

einen Apfel is the accusative case, -- used when it's the direct object of a verb, among other things.

It's like the difference between "he" and "him", or "I" and "me".

You can't say "The lion is eating I", nor can you say "Me am eating the lion." -- the form to use depends on whether it's the subject or object.

Also, apfel is always wrong. The correct spelling is Apfel.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Gusta524706

Ein Apfel or Einen Apfel? What's the difference please!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Aakash45298

Why are we using einen instead of ein


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Because

  • it's the direct object (the thing "undergoing" the eating), so it should be in the accusative case
  • Apfel is masculine
  • einen is the masculine accusative form of the indefinite article

Note that only masculine words change form in the accusative case. Feminine, neuter, and plural words are the same in the nominative and accusative.

For example: Der Mann isst einen Apfel [masc.] und eine Banane [fem.] und ein Ei [neut.], aber er isst keine Tomaten [pl.].


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/charuaggar6

Why not you eat an apple??


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AnjaAnja94

What is the difference between "ein Apfel" and "einen Apfel"? How do you know what to use?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

ein Apfel is the nominative case. You use it when ein Apfel is the subject of the verb.

einen Apfel is the accusative case. You use it when einen Apfel is the direct object of the verb, or after certain prepositions such as für.

Because Apfel is masculine, the accusative case looks different from the nominative case.

For all other genders (feminine, neuter, plural), the accusative looks the same as the nominative, e.g. eine Banane, ein Pferd, die Kinder.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/chetangoel1

When do you use ' ein apfel' and 'einen apfel' ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Duncan575330

Why is it 'Ihr esst' and not 'du esst'?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Why is it 'Ihr esst' and not 'du esst'?

ihr esst is the form you use when speaking to several people at once.

du isst is the form you use when speaking to one person.

du esst is simply wrong.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/olliethequeer

whats the difference between esst, isst, and essen?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Grace907266

I am confused with isst and esst. Can someone please explain the difference.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

Please read the existing comments. This very question has already been answered.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RahulSesha

Isst is are eating and esst is eat....so in this sentence i think ihr isst einen apfel is correct


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Isst is are eating and esst is eat

No. That's not how it works.

isst is the form for du and for er/sie/es -- du isst = you [one person] eat, you are eating; er isst = he eats, he is eating; etc.

esst is the form for ihr -- ihr esst = you [several people] eat, you are eating.

i think ihr isst einen apfel is correct

It is not. ihr goes with esst.

And Apfel has to be capitalised.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/GeoSchribs

It should be: Ihr esst jeder einen Apfel. Or: Ihr teilt euch einen Apfel.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KristiCygn

Why is it esst rather than isst?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Why is it esst rather than isst?

Verbs that change the vowel in their stem do so only for the du and er/sie/es forms -- not for ihr or any of the other forms.

Thus ihr esst has the ess- stem as in essen, with no vowel change.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Franny_Fru

Can somebody please explain to me why it is esst not isst? Danke


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

The infinitive (dictionary form) is essen.

Some verbs - including this one - change the vowel in the du and er/sie/es forms; thus we have du isst, du gibst, du siehst, du läufst, etc. from essen, geben, sehen, laufen, etc.

But there is no vowel change for any of the other forms (ich, wir, ihr, sie). Thus ihr esst with e- as in essen.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/FaizaWahab

I have wrote the correct translation but still it is giving red sign


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/laurel541478

That sounded like er ist einen apfel, and hete I was thinking he was a banana!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

The audio sounds ok (Ihr esst).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ajofarc

One clue is that einen indicates Apfel is a direct object, and that wouldn't happen if the verb were a form of "to be" (in this case, "ist"--"is"). "Ist" and "isst" are homonyms, so you really have to go by the context of the sentence if you're only hearing it. (Er ist ein Apfel=he is an apple; er isst einen Apfel=he is eating an apple.)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ShilpiSriv3

I put You are eating A Apple it said You are eating an apple


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

In English "a" becomes "an" if the following letter is a vowel sound.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Argyle11

I cannot distinguish the TTS's "er isst" and "ihr esst". And given there's no other context clues in this sentence I have a 50/50 chance of getting it wrong. Feels a little unfair if you ask me.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mark80287

They pronounce er as "air" and ihr as "ear".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Argyle11

People keep saying that. I don't have an accent where "ear" and "air" don't sound identical. Trying to imagine how someone with a different accent says those words and then comparing that to the TTS's pronunciation is too hard.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ajofarc

My mother was from West Virginia and had trouble differentiating some vowel sounds that are phonetically different; to her, "pen" and "pin" were homonyms. Since I was born and raised in Upstate New York, that never made sense to me until I considered that she still "heard" with her WV accent, even though by the time I came along, she had largely lost her WV accent when she spoke (unless she was talking on the phone to one of my aunts, and then her WV accent was quite evident). But then, when I visit Boston, my R's start dropping left and right! LOL

Basically, keep in mind that regional dialects exist in every language, including German.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mark80287

https://translate.google.com/#en/de/Ear.%20Air.

Press the "Listen" button on the English side :-)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nancy783127

I get this completely. My husband has tried to teach me some Tamil phrases and is always complaining about my vowels. It's hard to explain to him that I can't even hear the differences, much less reproduce them. You might just have to accept that you will have difficulty here. With context, you'd be fine.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Thorondor95

Ya'll needs to be accepted. It's in the dictionary and is 100% grammatically correct!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ajofarc

As long as it's correctly spelled: y'all (you all) :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bobbylime

I PUT A APPLE BUT IT WAS WRONG


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Yes, "a apple" is not correct English and "A APPLE" is even worse.

Please use regular English spelling, including mixed upper and lower case, on Duolingo.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/hsingkan

Whays the difference between ihr and du?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Please read the existing comments on this page. This question has been asked (and answered) several times already.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jazzyrat1

Ihr is t. Du is St. Ich is E.

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