Normaly the perfect tense in german is just habe + e.g. gefragt (for 2. person singular it's hast + gefragt and so on).
But if the verb used expresses movement (as in laufen=to walk; rennen=to run; fallen=to fall; stolpern=to stager....), the present perfect is bin / bist / ist / sind / seid / sind + e.g. gelaufen.
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Yes it is from a natural English speaker's perspective but if you come from a romance (French, Spanish, Italian,..) language perspective then it's natural.
Mostly anything that implies movement is with sein.
That's because you sentence is not good English, it is grammatically incorrect.
- Did everything go well, is the best answer
- Has everything went well, is acceptable, but to my English ears clumsy.
Not much, but maybe "wirken" would be the verb for that translation ?
Yes, verbs describing motion (laufen, fahren, gehen...) are conjugated with sein in the past tense.
In this case ist is an auxiliary verb used to form the past perfect tense. It is similar to the english word has in the scentence He has gone mad. It is not used to convey meaning but instead indicates the tense of the main verb; it indicates that something has already happened
Wrong tense. It means "did everything go well", "was everything ok", etc.
You can use "everything" or "anything" in questions and negative answers - I know no reason not to. In this case, the meaning changes:
"Did everything go well?" "Everything went well. We didn't have a single problem."
"Did anything go well?" "Well, we were able to open the door. But nothing went well after that."
[Native English speaker.]
Yeah, I'd say "Did anything go well?" would have accenting (emphasis) on "anything," where the questioner assumes that things likely did not go well, but wonders if you were lucky enough to have at least something turn out OK. The other one, "Did everything go well?" seems like a more generic way of expressing interest about how things went.