Iwerydd and Iwerddon (Ireland) almost certainly have the same historical origins, perhaps connected as well with gwyrdd/gwerdd (green)
- Môr Iwerydd - The Atlantic Ocean
- Môr Werddon, y Werddon - The Irish Sea
- Môr Celtaidd - The Celtic Sea (the part of that Atlantic between Ireland, Wales and SW England)
- Môr Hafren - The Bristol Channel (between SW England and south Wales, which joins the Severn estuary with the Celtic Sea/Atlantic)
There will be other variants, too!
Can someone unpack this for me grammatically? I realize that is a fairly vague question, but I really don' t get what the individual bits mean. Why does it need 'yn' for instance. I felt like with the weather unit I was starting to get the feel for how to use adjectives in Welsh, but this has thrown me. Diolch!
A note on the uses of yn is here - https://www.duolingo.com/comment/13844144
- mae - is
- Môr Iwerydd - (the) Atlantic Ocean
- yn - (just a word to link mae Môr Iwerydd with the adjective mawr - it has no equivalent in English)
- mawr - big/large (mutation of mawr -> fawr because it follows the linking yn)
Thank you. It wasn't just yn though. It seems like there are several ways to make a sentence with a subject, a form of is and an adjective in Welsh. I just don't really grasp the differences or perhaps I am remembering wrong. There was another in the same lesson that didn't have an yn and was a similar sort of sentence. I think it was something like America is big. I just only had it for the first time this morning, do I don't remember the Welsh sentence.
The simplest way of saying 'something is adjective' is the above.
eg The dog is big = 'Mae'r ci yn fawr' The car is red = 'Mae'r car yn goch'
Where 'Mae = is', 'r = the'; 'yn' joins the adjective to 'is' and softens the following adjective.
The example you're thinking about is:-
'Cyfandir mawr ydy De America' = 'A big continent is South America' which is transposed to 'South America is a big continent'
The reason for changing the word order is to emphasise the first word or phrase.
Which you would show with intonation in English
'South America is a BIG CONTINENT'
This is not as common as the simple sentence.