ß oder ẞ?
I have studied German for about 10 months now and I have came a cross the letter ß (Eszett) many times. I know which function it has and the difference between ß and ss. Yes, I even now how to type it. Recently, when I realised I needed to install a German keyboard on my computer to be able to type the special quotations marks used in German („ “), I came across a similar letter: ẞ. This letter is produced by pressing the S-key while holding down Shift + Alt Gr Now. What is the difference between ß and ẞ? Obviously, ß is the standard for om the letter, but when should I use ẞ instead of it?
ẞ is the capital Eszett. It is not well known, because it was first introduced in 2008. Even most native speakers do not know the capital ẞ and have problems to distinguish between ß and ẞ. If you master the capital ẞ, you will know more than most native speakers.
Further reading can be found on wikipedia where the capital ẞ has its own article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capital_%E1%BA%9E
Isn't that the capital Eszett? I think it'd be used when you're writing in an all-caps situation.
A lot of keyboards layouts distinguish between the two Alt keys, and Alt Gr is the one on the right.
Could the second one be a small Greek Beta? I think it's slightly different to the ß. But it's been a while since I've used it for uni papers (and I usually copied it from the formula section in word/excel there) :D
It also depends if you're using Windows, OSX or Linux, they're all having different shortcuts, and then it's also depending on you're keyboard's language :D
My operative system is Linux Mint 17.2 ‘Rafaela’ and when I am writing in German, I use a German keyboard (it is just called ‘German’ in the settings). It is produced by pressing the key S while hold shift + Alt Gr.