https://www.duolingo.com/profile/rena753646

Help?

I'm not exactly sure about when to use dw i, i'n and also y'n. I get them 'right' but it's more from guessing rather than knowing.

May 30, 2016

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/rmcode
Mod
  • 1972

Dw i = I am

We use it to say your name eg Megan dw i = Megan I am/ I am Megan

We use it with 'eisiau' to want eg Dw i eisiau coffi = I want coffee (I am wanting coffee)

We use it with 'wedi' to talk about something in the past eg Dw i wedi codi = I have got up (I am after getting up)

To connect Dw i to all other verbs we need 'yn'

eg Dw i yn hoffi coffi = I like coffee (I am liking coffee)

Because we have two vowels next to each other here:- Dw I Yn hoffi coffi

We contract this to 'Dw i'n hoffi coffi'

Hope that helps.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KarenBledsoe

Thank you! It's helpful for me to see the literal word-for-word translation as well as the sense of it in English, in order to decipher the grammar. I can memorize phrases and their meaning, like "Dw i eisiau coffi" means "I want coffee," but knowing it translates literally to "I am wanting coffee" helps me understand WHY the sentence is constructed that way.

Question: If "wedi" refers to things in the past, and can translate to "after," then how does the phrase "wedi blino" (I am tired) literally translate?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ibisc

yn has some other uses, too, and that can be a bit confusing to new learners. There is an explanation here - https://www.duolingo.com/comment/13844144


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/rena753646

Thank you SO MUCH!! Each post is very helpful!

Learn Welsh in just 5 minutes a day. For free.