I'm not exactly sure about when to use dw i, i'n and also y'n. I get them 'right' but it's more from guessing rather than knowing.

May 30, 2016

  • 1972

Dw i = I am

We use it to say your name eg Megan dw i = Megan I am/ I am Megan

We use it with 'eisiau' to want eg Dw i eisiau coffi = I want coffee (I am wanting coffee)

We use it with 'wedi' to talk about something in the past eg Dw i wedi codi = I have got up (I am after getting up)

To connect Dw i to all other verbs we need 'yn'

eg Dw i yn hoffi coffi = I like coffee (I am liking coffee)

Because we have two vowels next to each other here:- Dw I Yn hoffi coffi

We contract this to 'Dw i'n hoffi coffi'

Hope that helps.

Thank you! It's helpful for me to see the literal word-for-word translation as well as the sense of it in English, in order to decipher the grammar. I can memorize phrases and their meaning, like "Dw i eisiau coffi" means "I want coffee," but knowing it translates literally to "I am wanting coffee" helps me understand WHY the sentence is constructed that way.

Question: If "wedi" refers to things in the past, and can translate to "after," then how does the phrase "wedi blino" (I am tired) literally translate?

yn has some other uses, too, and that can be a bit confusing to new learners. There is an explanation here -

Thank you SO MUCH!! Each post is very helpful!

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