So I posted a discussion about this awhile back but I'm still confused. Here are my questions:
- Okay, so does om te HAVE to be used with certain verb infinitives?
- So I saw a video about om te and he said that it's used for emphasis as long as the words before om can form a complete sentence/phrase. For example: Het was leuk om je weer te zien. Is this correct? (Here is the video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1QwnJOVLAds)
- Can you always omit the om or just in some cases?
- Are there sentences in which om te has to be used?
- I saw a video title in Dutch (of course) that said "10 tips om te spieken". Can't you just say "10 tips spieken" or do you have to use om te for this verb? And if you do have to use om te here can you omit the om?
Also I asked someone what the difference between makkelijk and gemakkelijk was and they couldn't explain it so I was wondering if someone else can?
Those are a lot of questions. I don't have time to answer them all now, though:
- Have you had a look at this: http://www.dutchgrammar.com/en/?n=Verbs.Au06
- And more specifically this: http://www.dutchgrammar.com/en/?n=Verbs.Au11
Perhaps that was mentioned in your previous discussion, though if it was it might be useful for someone else. The second link also answers when you can omit om.
- Regarding your last question
You have to use om te in 10 tips om te spieken, if you don't it translates to 10 tips cheat/copy/cheating/copying (spieken is cheating by copying someone else's answers). So if you think of om te as for/in order to, 10 tips om te spieken = 10 tips for cheating.
Thanks! Chances are I probably did click on that page then gave up on learning anything with om te after reading a few paragraphs
The links to the grammatical explanations provided by El2theK are very good.
I'd just like to add that in phrases where one can choose between "om te" or just "te", there is a preference in the spoken language to use the former.
If your (passive) Dutch is good enough, you can have a look at this web page too: http://taaladvies.net/taal/advies/vraag/595/om_het_is_moeilijk_dat_te_geloven/
makkelijk and gemakkelijk both mean the same: 'easy' in the sense of taking no effort.
Additionally gemakkelijk can mean 'comfortable', as in: a comfortable chair. In that case it means the same as 'comfortabel' or 'geriefelijk'