"April is a month in the spring."

Translation:Kwiecień jest miesiącem wiosny.

June 2, 2016

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Does the meaning change slightly in these sentences? I don't have the proper accents available sorry!

Kwiecien jest miesiacem wiosny


Kwiecien to miesiac wiosny

(April is a month in spring)


(April is a month of spring)??

I feel like I'm not fully understanding the reasoning between the use of miesiacem vs miesiac... but I think it has to do with the use of "jest" or "to".


These are two equivalent ways of expressing it. You can say either to + nominative, or jest + instrumental, e.g.:
Tamta kobieta to moja mama = Tamta kobieta jest moją mamą. (That woman is my mom)
Poniedziałek to dzień tygodnia = Poniedziałek jest dniem tygodnia (Monday is the day of the week)


Is one of these 2 ways of saying the same thing used more in everyday Polish? I feel like as a learner, I am more inclined to use the nominative one


It's the same.


Wiosny is genitive. I was following Gerard88's explanation and thought I should use instrumental . . . wiosną . So now I'm wondering when to use genitive and when to use instrumental, especially in regard to sentences with "jest" rather than "to".


You'd use "wiosną" if the sentence was "April is spring". But it would be quite a weird sentence and it's not what we have here.

We should treat "a month in the spring" as one noun phrase. Inside this noun phrase, "spring" will always be Genitive, which luckily is easy to see by the English 'of'. That part won't change. If we were to show the declension of the whole noun phrase "miesiąc wiosny", that would be: Nominative "miesiąc wiosny", Genitive "miesiąca wiosny", Dative "miesiącowi wiosny", Accusative "miesiąc wiosny", Instrumental "miesiącem wiosny", Locative "miesiącu wiosny", Vocative "miesiącu wiosny".

Here we can choose between Nominative "Kwiecień to miesiąc wiosny" and Instrumental "Kwiecień jest miesiącem wiosny".


Sometimes you have to use "to" and other times not. When?


https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/16373167 = I think this should solve all the doubts.


It would be nice if we would be able to see a list of all acceptable translations. I often have something completely different, which might be correct apart from a (minor) mistake, but now, i only get a correct alternative transation.


There's a Chrome browser extension, which lets you see all the solutions.


The new app version doesnt allow to swap green answer popups up and down to go back to one's answer and see what was wrong with it, a bit silly, isn't it?


That's exactly the case where a Russian studying Polish language would barely face any difficulties. In Russian the same thing can be spoken by two similar ways: (1) Апрель - месяц весны (именительный падеж); (2) Апрель является месяцем весны (творительный падеж).


Kwiecień jest miesiącem wiosennym


OK, why not. Added.


Just confirming: this would be treating Spring as an adjective, right, thus instrumental? Like April is a "spring" month. If so, would "Kwiecień jest wiosennym miesiącem" also be ok?


Yes, and yes. I wonder which one sounds more natural to me... "miesiąc wiosenny" is more like a category, which makes sense, because we could simplify and divide months into four categories for four seasons. "wiosenny miesiąc" is more like a description. Both make a lot of sense, you can use either, I think.


Why not: 'kwiecień to miesiąc na wiosnę'? Especially since that is what the hints say?


Eh, the infamous 'multi-word-hints always display on top even if they're not applicable to the given sentence' problem :| Generally the top hint should always apply to the sentence that you see, but if the top hint is built on mutliple words, it's possible that someone put it on a completely different sentence and didn't think of every other possible context :/

So, I just created hints "miesiąc wiosny" and "miesiącem wiosny" on the words "a month in the spring", should those should appear on top.

"na wiosnę" is indeed "in the spring", but for sentences like "In the spring it is getting warm again" or something like that. It wouldn't work here.

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