"et tu?" and "et vous?"

so seeing that vous is a plural form of you, does asking "et vous?" means I'm asking a group of people ? whereas "et tu?" i'm only asking one person?

June 11, 2012


'Tu' forms are used only if you are speaking to a single person who you know well. Vous forms are used when addressing groups of people (whether or not you know them well), or a single person who you don't know well or want to show respect to. The correct time to use 'tu' or 'vous' with a single person is very difficult to get a feel for, but in practice people will not judge you too harshly if you are clearly not a native speaker.

June 11, 2012

Yep, same in russian and it sounds even almost same: ты (ti) - tu, вы (vi) - vous

December 4, 2013

... and german as well

December 30, 2013

And Portuguese, too! D

January 3, 2014

I Brasil we use the word "você" (singular) or "vocês" (plural) almost averytime. When showing respect we would use "o Senhor(a)" / "o Senhores(as)" , that can be translated to "Sir/Ma'am,...". The verb is, for these forms, conjugated in the third person.

"Você vai" (verb to go in the present tense), been the super-formal way: "tu vais". It's never said "Você vais".

Formally there are "tú" and "vós" to the secound person, but in Brazil it has fallen in the common use. I think in Portugal it's more used.

January 16, 2014

"Tu vais" is never formal in any language in the world. And "vós" is not used any more, not even in Portugal.

December 24, 2016

Well even if they don't blame me for not being respectiful i prefer to say "et vous?" since i don't know ppl well. Once i was in Second LIfe, a social game in internet, i heard ppl talking in french, english and portuguese and i didnt know say a thing in french, so that situation was the best to say "vous" since i just met the ppl.

December 25, 2013

I guess it is better to be polite, but in some situations you 'automatically' go into non formal addressing. For example when talking to a child. There is a fine line of when to start addressing a strange teenager formally and when it is still ok to be informal. Also in a social group like a party at your friend house, you would often go directly into informal addressing with people your age. Not true if the gathering is of people from working place let's say. It can sometimes get complicated for a native speaker as well. There are awkward situations.

December 28, 2013

Well that was clear, thanks for warning :)

January 1, 2014

While I second the answers concerning usage of 'tu' and 'vous' in French I'm not d'accord with 'et tu?'. You'll never here the 'et tu' in French. The correct way of asking the question is 'Et toi?'

June 11, 2012

That word is new to me.... Is it a new way to say "tu"? Is it formal or informal, btw thanks for the new word

December 25, 2013

It's the stressed pronoun corresponding to "tu", so it's informal.

December 25, 2013

A simple answer is this: vous is commonly used when addressing someone older than you. Unless you really know the person, always use vous. Hope I helped :P

March 12, 2013

Et Tu is the informal way of saying 'and you', et Vous is the formal version. You will use Vous when talking to people that are older than your self, bosses etc but it is also used when you don't know a person. Hope that helps :)

June 11, 2012

As the others have said, "tu" is informal singular, "vous" is for formal situations in singular and for all situations in plural.

This is used to be the case in English also, with the informal "thou" (French "tu") disappearing after a while and the formal "you" (French "vous") becoming the only one. That's why in English "you" is used both in plural and in singular now.

June 11, 2012

A point though, most people don't use formal French in regular conversation. Even with someone they just met, this is based on my recent experience in France vs my experience in school and in France 18 years ago. Back in the day folks looked at you as though you'd pooped on your hand before trying to shake theirs if you used the informal tu, and in business, or people older than say 40ish, still expect it. But people in their 20's and 30's seem to rarely use the formal form anymore. I guess my point is, Tu is singular and Vous is plural. And while Tu is still informal and Vous is formal (for plural and singular) .. the distinction seems to be shifting. Keep in mind, this is just my perception of the evolution of conversational French based on my recent time there, and in no way in relation to the actual grammar rules. Anyone else notice this, or was I just exposed to load of informal odd bots?

June 17, 2012

Et tu, Brute?

December 20, 2012

;-) I'm sure you know it, but just in case someone might get confused: 'Et tu' is Latin. A modern speaker of French would use 'Et toi, Brutus?' ('Brute' is the vocative case)

December 20, 2012

Ah, merci! The quote from J.C. was bothering me, so I am happy you cleared that up!

January 1, 2018

@milneyj, magdalicious: I suppose, each social group inside the language community has it's own culture on how to handle the use of 'tu' and 'vous'. It's exactly the same in Germany. The general rule is that you use 'du' for friends and people you're well acquainted with and 'Sie' for people you don't know, 'superiors',... But in practice, there are a lot of situations where it's also appropriate to talk to foreigners using the 'du' form. e.g. 'musicians making classical music usually use the 'du' when talking to each other even if they just met, but a lot of them don't like it at all being addressed in the 'du' form by foreigners who aren't musicians themselves' [I chose this example to point out the subtleness of the social rules that may be in place. I guess, in French it's the same]. In internet forums, Germans virtually never use the formal 'Sie' form, especially if they are used mainly by people younger than 40. It's very difficult for non-native speakers to grasp all the subtle social rules that tell you when it's appropriate in a given social situation to drop the formal form and use the more casual one. I guess the best advice one can give is: Stick to textbook form until you're really sure that it's appropriate to use the more casual one. And if you err, it's better to err on the polite side.

June 18, 2012

@Samsonerd: 'vous lisez' both in plural and singular

June 21, 2012

et vous is also a formal way of saying and you. you would say this to a superior or a stranger.

December 4, 2012

"vous" means both "you all" and the formal version of "you". When you put in an answer for duolingo, I put "and you?" for every single one. It's the more common form of it too. In real life situations I'm guessing you would use "And you?" formally more than "And you all?" but for future reference when using it, it means both and it depends on context and the situation. After a while, it's not too hard to distinguish.

February 2, 2013

Vous can either be the plural of "you all" and it is the formal way of saying tu.

July 5, 2013

"et vous?" is asking one person but fomally or asking a group of people. You don't say "et tu?" you say "Et toi?" hope it helped!

July 27, 2013

Yes, "tu" is used when addressing one single person and "vous" is used when addressing a group of people or when you are speaking to someone formally, it is also used to talk to elders with respect.

December 4, 2013

You say "et vous" to someone who is older.. Its polite.. You can say et vous to a group of people though

January 11, 2014

when you ask "et vous" you could be asking "and you" to a group of people or just a person with a higher social title. "et tu" just means you are asking a single person or someone who is of a lower social title than you.

January 16, 2014

Once again: "et tu?" is wrong, it has to be "et toi?".

January 16, 2014

Tu is more informal

January 18, 2014

Yup.. pretty much

January 18, 2014


June 29, 2017
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