https://www.duolingo.com/Vilkku3

What is Czy?

What does the "Czy" in "Czy jesteś mężczyzną" mean? Is it like か in Japanese or 吗 in Chinese?

2 years ago

14 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Jellei
Jellei
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Well, I don't know how probable is that someone will answer you with the Japanese/Chinese comparison... ;)

"Czy" starts a question which has a Yes/No answer. It's usually not necessary actually, it emphasizes that it's a question.

It also can be "if/whether", or may be the 'or' in questions.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/zicko74
zicko74
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Jesteś mężczyzną = You're a man. / Czy jesteś mężczyzną? = Are you a man? /

Ty pijesz mleko = You are drinking milk. / Czy ty pijesz mleko? = Are you drinking milk? /

Ona lubi czytać. = She likes reading. / Czy ona lubi czytać? = Does she like reading?

Etc.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/garpike
garpike
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If you want a comparison, it's a bit more like 'cxu' in Esperanto. Cxu vi estas viro? Czy jesteś mężczyzną? (I dare say Zamenhof got it from Polish, as he was a Polish speaker.)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/LICA98
LICA98
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also like Ukrainian чи and Russian ли (though ли is not used exactly the same way)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/grey236
grey236
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Doesn't 'чи' mean 'or'? I've never seen it used for a yes/no question

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/LICA98
LICA98
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it does, but so does "czy" too

well if you google "чи ви" or "чи ти" you'll find a lot of questions

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Anna_Elsa_J.

I'm Polish and I'm learning Ukrainian, so I think that Polish "czy" means Ukrainian "чи", so it starts some questions, the yes/no ones (it can, but doesn't have to) or means "or".

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/LICA98
LICA98
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yeah well that's what I said

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/zicko74
zicko74
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Czy chcesz zjeść pierogi czy bigos? = Do you want to eat dumplings or a stew?

First 'Czy' makes a question, the second means 'or'! But remember that in Polish we also use 'albo' and it means 'or' too.

Być albo nie być - oto jest pytanie! = To be or not to be - that is a question!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/UmbraSicarii

By the way, polish "li" (sounds simillary to ukrainian "ли") is an archaic version of "czy" and was used centuries ago.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Catparrot
Catparrot
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I guess it is the equivalent of the question particles, "ka" or "ma".
"Czy" is like adding the word, "whether".

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Vilkku3

Ok, I guess I understand now. Thanks! : )

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AusPole
AusPole
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Yep, 'czy' is analogous to the Mandarin '吗' when it's at the front of the sentence, see:

Jesteś mężczyzną (You are a man) --> Czy jesteś mężczyzną? (Are you a man?)

你是男人 (You are a man) --> 你是男人吗? (Are you a man?)

BUT, in some respects, it isn't. It can also be translated as 'whether (or not)' or 'if', see:

Nie wiem czy lubię ser. (I don't know whether (or not) I like cheese... OR I don't know if I like cheese...)

Nie wiem czy on mnie kocha czy tylko lubi. (I don't know whether he loves me or just likes me)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/DeidVespian

The "Czy" is indication of question in Polish, also a one that gives options to choose between.

<h1>Czy będzie dzisiaj padać? - Will it be raining today?</h1> <h1>Czy dam radę zjeść dwie pizze jednego dnia? - Will I manage to/handle to eat two pizzas in a one day?</h1> <h1>Wolisz Japoński czy Chiński? - Do you prefer Japanese or Chinese?</h1> <h1>Kawa czy herbata? - Coffee or Tea?</h1> <h1>Zielony czy czerwony? Zastanawiałeś się nad tym? - Green one or red one? Have you thought about it already?</h1>
2 years ago
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