"Men are good."
Translation:Mężczyźni są dobrzy.
How is "dobrzy" formed? It should be masculine nominative plural, right? Why not "dobre"?
"dobre" is 'not masculine-personal plural'.
"dobrzy" is 'masculine personal plural', because men are persons, and masculine. This form of an adjective is usually quite different than the other four.
Very helpful answers, always. I appreciate your patience. FYI, different "from" not different "than".
Thanks. Is there a general rule to form the masculine personal plural of an adjective?
Declination of adjectives is quite regular. Please analyse these examples:
Generally plural masculine personal will end in nominative with -y or -i. . With some possible changes like r-rz, zł - źl etc.
So seems like this plural would normally be dobri, except that ri changes to rzy?
mądry -> mądrzy, dobry -> dobrzy, stary -> starzy,
In any case: -ry makes transition into -rzy, never into -ri.
-ki into -cy, miałki-> miałcy, gorzki -> gorzcy, wielki-> wielcy
-gi into -dzy, długi ->dłudzy
Most of the rest goes into -i,
-chy -> -si -szy -> -si
Surely there are few transitions more to be added.
Are there any rules for when to use -y and when to use -i ?
Until now I've mostly encountered -i for masculine personal plural adjectives.
joke - [jōk] noun - a thing that someone says to cause amusement or laughter, especially a story with a funny punchline.
What's the difference between mezczyzn and mezczyzni? Arent they both plural men? Thanks
Cases. "Mężczyźni" is Nominative plural, "mężczyzn" is either Genitive or Accusative.
So for this adjective the masculine form is the same in singular and plural? so would it be "Mezczyzna jest dobrzy" as well?
No. The only identical forms of adjectives are between neuter singular and 'not masculine-personal' plural.
"Mężczyzna" is masculine singular, and in plural it's 'masculine personal'.
"Mężczyzna jest dobry" would be the singular version.
I just wondered, which gender do you say good in if you're not describing a noun? So if I just want to say "good" to a previous comment someone has made
Well... what exactly do you want to say by "good"? Because without more context, doing that doesn't make much sense to me, at least in Polish.
Well if you asked someone how their day was and it was a positive response for example so in English you could say "Ok, good," but i don't know if that works in Polish
No. Male singular is dobry. Male personal plural is dobrzy. Dobre is plural for everything other than male personal plural. It's also neuter singular.
Dobrzy mężczyźni Dobre kobiety Dobre dzieci
Dobry mężczyzna Dobra kobieta Dobre dziecko