Doctor Who fans, anyone ?
"Hey ! Who turned off the lights !"
How do we know whether the light is on or off?
off = wy-
on = w-
Yeah, they're very problematic in pronunciation, sometimes you really need to stress the beginning of the word.
Shut off the light is also a common term used in the states.
OK, added now.
Also you can turn the light out.
A new thing learned... added.
Is it a general rule to use the male form of the verb when asking a question about who has done something?
Would that also apply to declaratory statements like "Ktoś wyłączył światło" - "Someone turned off the light"?
Yes, both "kto" and "ktoś" are always grammatically masculine (singular), even if you're a female teacher in a girls-only school.
Ah OK, I guess it follows logically that "nikt" would also be masculine, ie: "Nikt nie wyłączył światła" - "Nobody turned off the light"...?
How about co and coś? My gut feeling is that they would remain neutral but Polish is full of surprises... :D
Yes, "nikt" as well.
Your gut is correct, "co" and "coś" (and "nic") are neuter singular :)