"Dw i'n meddwl bod y tiwtor yn hwyr eto!"

Translation:I think the tutor is late again.

June 11, 2016

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"Dw i'n meddwl bod y tiwtor yn hwyr eto." So can we see from the form "bod", that we're talking about a female tutor?


No, the bod... here is used with any following noun at all, masculine, feminine or plural. As tiwtor is a masculine noun which can can apply to either male or female tutors, you cannot tell the gender of the tutor from this sentence.

It does change when using some pronouns:

  • Dw i'n meddwl (fy) mod i'n hwyr
  • Dw i'n meddwl (dy) fod ti'n hwyr
  • Dw i'n meddwl (ei) fod e'n hwyr
  • Dw i'n meddwl (ei) bod hi'n hwyr
  • Dw i'n meddwl (ein) bod ni'n hwyr
  • Dw i'n meddwl (eich) bod chi'n hwyr
  • Dw i'n meddwl (eu) bod nhw'n hwyr


  • Dw i'n meddwl bod yr athro/athrawes/athrawon yn hwyr - no change in bod at all for any of those.


Ah, OK. I was (wrongly) assuming that the mutation bod / fod was something to do with a feminine or masculine subject, but now I see it is due to the feminine or masculine pronoun, as you have shown.


Does eto stand here for unwaith eto?


Not really:

  • eto - again, yet
  • unwaith eto - once again
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