Can someone please explain me the meaning of mon, ton, son, ma, ta, sa, leur with examples?
I read the grammar sheet below it a couple of times but unfortunately I'm even more confused than I was. Can someone explain it in easy sentences with example?
Mon - my ( masculine) ; Ma - my ( feminine) ; Mes - my ( plural)
Ton - your (masculine); Ta- your ( feminine) ;Tes- your ( plural)
Son - his/ her ( masculine) Sa - his/ her ( feminine) ; Ses - his/ her ( plural)
Notre - our ( feminine and masculine) ; Nos - our ( plural)
Votre - plural your ( feminine and masculine) ; Vos - plural your ( plural)
Leur - their ( feminine and masculine) - Leurs - their (plural)
Mon père. Ma mère. Mes filles.
Ton chien. Ta chienne. Tes chiens.
Son ordinateur. Sa maison. Ses choses.
Notre famille , Nos parents.
Votre enseignant, Vos élèves.
Leur amour, leurs sentiments.
As you know, French has 2 genders - male and female.
So, when you want to say "my" you have to keep the gender of the noun you're talking about in mind.
For example, if you want to say: "My fish". Poisson is a masculine word in French, therefore, it takes the possessive pronoun "mon".
On the other hand, chemise is a feminine noun, so it takes the possessive pronoun "ma".
When a noun is plural, it takes "mes", regardless of gender = Mes robes
The same applies for son, sa, and ses. They could mean either his or her, and you can't know which pronoun (his - her) it refers to without context.
Son is for masculine nouns = Son poisson (his fish - her fish)
Sa is for feminine nouns = Sa chemise (his shirt - her shirt)
Ses is for plural nouns = Ses robes (his dresses - her dresses)
The same applies for ton, ta, and tes. (your/singular informal)
When you want to say "our" you'd either use "notre" or "nos".
Notre is for singular nouns, regardless of gender.
Nos is for plural nouns, regardless of gender.
The same applies for "votre" and "vos".
"Leur" and "leurs" are exactly the same, meaning their.
Leur is for singular nouns, regardless of gender.
Leurs is for plural nouns, regardless of gender.
Note: when a noun starts with a vowel, it takes all masculine possessive pronouns (mon - ton - son) for the word to be easier to pronounce. EVEN IF THE NOUN IS FEMININE.
Ex: Amie is a feminine noun, but you'd say ton amie, and not ta amie or t'amie
You might like to check our this discussion on Possessive Adjectives
There are also some links to sound files. As well as sentence examples, that explain how to use the words, and discussions about them. Hopefully over time I will add a whole lot more to it as well. Also there are links to other internet sites for more information on this issue.
I was confused with this very same thing, but mon is the same as ma and mes. Ton, ta, and tes are the same things. Son, sa, and ses. Notre and nos. Votre and vos. Leurs and leur. See most of them are the same they are just the feminine, masculine, or plural version of one another.
Mon-Masculine Ma-Feminine Mes-Plural =My
Ton-Masculine Ta-Feminine Tes-Plural =Your
Son-Masculine Sa-Feminine Ses-Plural =His or Her
Notre-Feminine or Masculine Nos-Plural =Our
Votre-Feminine or Masculine Vos-Plural = Your
Leur-Feminine or Masculine Leurs-Plural = Their
Yes you are correct Maddie.
However another issue you need to be aware of is that in French, these possessive adjectives agree with the noun/object of the sentence, which is different to English.
In English our possessive agrees with the person who 'owns' the object.
This is very important to realize. You can read more about all this by clicking here