"It is getting late, I have to go."
Translation:Se hace tarde, me tengo que ir.
I was lucky enough to find a translation for the start of the sentence in my dictionary by looking at examples of the use of tarde but now suggest it may be quicker to paste English idiomatic phrases like this into Reverso translation, if you can. In this case, it gives two examples of Se está haciendo tarde, and one of Se hace tarde, as well as a more puzzling Se pone tarde,. Please see the help provided by AndreasWitnstein below to understand the constructions.
MarkofSky When we take a verb like ir = to go and we use the infinitive plus se = irse it changes the meaning of the verb= to leave. This happens in other verbs as well. You may use 'se + conjugated verb or you have the choice to use the infinitive adding on 'se'. But you have to watch as I said in some cases by adding se to the infinitive the meaning is changed. Hope this helps a bit.
You don't see the word ‘irse’=“to leave” in the translation here because it's only implicitly present, in the conjugated form ‘me tengo que ir’=“I have to leave”.
‘irse’=“to leave” is the infinitive form, a compound of ‘ir’=“to go” and ‘se’=“oneself”.
The first-person singular form is ‘me voy’=“I'm leaving”, a compound of ‘me’=“myself” and ‘voy’=“I'm going”.
‘Se hace…’, which literally means “It's making itself…”, is a Spanish idiom for “It's getting…”, which is an English idiom for “It's becoming…”. Other examples of this usage of the reflexive verb ‘hacerse’ are ‘hacerse amigos’=“become friends”; ‘hacerse (más) caliente’=“become hot(ter)”; and ‘hacerse aceptable’=“become acceptable”. In the absence of a subject, as in ‘Se hace tarde.’, the construction ‘Se hace…’ is impersonal, corresponding to the English impersonal “It is becoming|getting|growing…” construction. This impersonal usage is related to the impersonal usage of the non-reflexive verb ‘hacer’, corresponding to the English impersonal “It is…” construction, as in ‘Hace calor|frío|sol|viento’=“It is hot|cold|sunny|windy”.
‘Tengo que…’, which literally means “I have that…”, is a Spanish idiom for “I have to…”, which is an English idiom for “I need to…”. The difference is that Spanish uses ‘que’, while English uses ‘to’.
I really appreciate this explanation. I am confused as to why Duolingo did not indicate "se hace" under the hover for "getting", but rather other words that do not fit. I put: "Es consiguiendo tarde" because I don't have a clue how to translate this sentence and that was one of the words for "getting". It was wrong.
Because the duoLinguo program is also designed to eliminate wrong answers that have crept into the "acceptable" column, sometimes the choices offered are wrong. I have learned from experience to put the answer I know, and see which other translations are offered as acceptable. If you read these, make a mental note of them, and then compare them to the multiple choices deemed acceptable and unacceptable, the duoLinguo program will eventually, and in a roundabout way, teach you the pulldowns that are not acceptable. This also has the advantage of clearing out wrong pulldowns that have found their way into the databanks. At least, that is what I have deduced. I may be blowing smoke all the way.
Haciendosa? When exactly did that come up before.. and it wasn't a choice in the translations provided.... I'm finding these lessons tough enough without curveballs like that... They should give all the right translations for new words... so you have a fair chance of getting the correct answer