Duolingo is the most popular way to learn languages in the world. Best of all, it's 100% free!

https://www.duolingo.com/Hojinkie

Easily Confusable Words

Hojinkie
  • 17
  • 17
  • 9
  • 8
  • 7
  • 5
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 35

I was hoping somebody would clear up a few things for me. What is the difference between demek and söylemek? What is the difference between yönetmen and müdür? Is one a school director and one a film director?

2 years ago

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Plugghest
Plugghest
  • 18
  • 15
  • 9
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 5
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2

Your second question seems to be answered here: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/16071705

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Hojinkie
Hojinkie
  • 17
  • 17
  • 9
  • 8
  • 7
  • 5
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 35

Thanks!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MeteUlku
MeteUlku
  • 25
  • 22
  • 13
  • 7

"söylemek" is used for indirect speeches and "demek" is used for direct speeches.

  • He told me that he wanted to get that job. = O bana o işe girmek istediğini söyledi. (indirect)
  • He told me "I want to get this job." = "O bana "Bu işe girmek istiyorum." dedi." (direct)
2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Hojinkie
Hojinkie
  • 17
  • 17
  • 9
  • 8
  • 7
  • 5
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 35

So when somebody is taking to you, they are never söylemek-ing, they're always demek-ing?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Ektoraskan

Yeah, in theory. But i wonder what you have in mind. Can you use Demek / söylemek in a sentence? That way, we'll know if you've understood it.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Hojinkie
Hojinkie
  • 17
  • 17
  • 9
  • 8
  • 7
  • 5
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 35

Are you talking to me? Bana duyuyorsun? And I would give you an example for söylemek, but I'm just confused as to how somebody can speak indirectly to another person. Unless it's like a speech in public or a recital where whoever hears, hears, and whoever doesn't, doesn't. Catch my drift?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Ektoraskan

Talking indirectly means I'm relaying what you said to me to someone else.

Let's say you and I are on the phone and you tell me "I can't come today." then we hang up. Then I go tell someone else:

"Hojinkie said that he can't come today." not exactly copying your sentence but explaining the situation. This is called indirect speech.

I could have also said:

"Hojinkie said 'I can't come today'." quoting you. This would be a direct speech.

The "Hojinkie said" part changes according to how you relay the sentence to a third party.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Hojinkie
Hojinkie
  • 17
  • 17
  • 9
  • 8
  • 7
  • 5
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 35

Now that makes sense. Interesting dynamic. Teşekkürler.

2 years ago