"Who is drinking coffee?"

Translation:Kto pije kawę?

June 19, 2016

This discussion is locked.


Can someone explain the difference between kto and kogo? Thanks


When I hovered over "who", it gave "będącego" as an option for "who is". This was not accepted as correct, so when would "będącego" be used?


Ulala, that's quite a hardcore level of grammar, it's a participle. As hover tips are general translations that could be possible in some situations, that's shown here, but absolutely won't suit this sentence.

Basically, the participle of that kind would be used in a similar sentence: I see a man, drinking coffee = Widzę mężczyznę pijącego kawę. "pijącego" is here Accusative from "pijący" - the participle 'drinking'.

Therefore 'będącego' is the Accusative participle from 'being'. Such a word won't be used too often, but let's try and imagine something, however that won't be very natural with this specific one: I see a man, that is/who is/being my father = Widzę mężczyznę będącego moim ojcem/tatą. You will encounter participles later in this tree.


'Kto jest pije kawę' not accepted. Why is it incorrect?


This is a question that I find more and more often. The problem is, that you treat the construction of Present Continous too literally. If you had Present Simple, it would be clear: "drinks" = "pije", no place for doubt. "is drinking" is just a grammatical construction. It doesn't really add another verb (to be) to the sentence. Not in Polish, definitely. Present Simple and Present Continous are translated the same way in 99% of the cases. Your sentence sounds kinda like "Who is drinks coffee?" It just doesn't make sense, because you added an additional verb to it.


Is it correct if I say: "Kto to pije kawę"


Generally yes, but that's a question about the identity of some specific person who is drinking coffee. "Who is this person over there, the one drinking coffee?"


Czyje piję kawę was incorrect but why it would make sense tho since czyje means whose


Exactly as you wrote: Whose, not who's.

Also, piję means 'I drink'.


When is "kawy" used? As in, Kiedy pije kawy?


"kawy" is the Genitive form. It's used with some verbs (e.g. "Nienawidzę kawy" = "I hate coffee"), it's also used when a verb that normally takes Accusative "kawę" gets negated: "Nie piję kawy" = "I do not drink coffee".

"kawy" is also plural "coffees" (Nominative and Accusative plural), so in theory you could say that "Kiedy pije kawy?" means "When does [he/she] drink coffees?", but that's a rather strange question.

Using Genitive "kawy" is also the so-called partitive, so it can by itself mean "some coffee". The question "Chcesz kawy?" is natural and it means "Do you want some coffee?".

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