"Boję się ciebie!"

Translation:I am afraid of you!

June 21, 2016

This discussion is locked.


Can somebody tell me what is the meaning of "się"? I don't understand it. What is its role in these lines? How can I know which words need the "się"?


Well, 'się' is a reflexive pronoun. So it works like myself/yourself/oneself etc.

But in fact, it is a lot more wider. It's understandable why "Myję się" (I wash myself) is reflexive, but many verbs are reflexive in Polish without any logic. "bać się" is among those. Generally, just treat it always as a whole "bać się" - even if its parts can be used in reverse order or you can put some other words between them.

Also, sometimes the verb with and without "się" has different meanings. Sometimes similar (Ja myję samochód = I am washing the car, vs Ja myję się = I am washing myself) and sometimes very far apart (On dużo wydaje = He spends a lot money vs Wydaje się, że... = It seems that...)

Take a look here: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/16296174


It rejected 'I am frightened of you'


RU: Bojus' tiebia!


"Boję się siebie!" <--- "I am afraid of myself!" (?)


It accepted i am afraid of you


Ciebe is genitive here,right?


Yes, like in English, "I'm afraid of you," because of the verb. But genitive and accusative decline exactly the same in this case, because the object is a person. If it were an inanimate object, then genitive would decline differently than accusative.


Thank you.because 2 ,4 case are identical here my question came up,then i realized it had to be genitive, as się is practically the accusative object and you cannot have two accusative objects


You're on the right track but not exactly. The verb is bać się +[genitive]. The się is not separate and means that the verb is reflexive. It's like "I myself fear" + [of something]. But the "myself" is required, and the object must be in genitive.

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