"Is the mom coming?"
Translation:האם האמא באה?
Are you all using Duolingo only from your mobile devices? Because on the website there is this page: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/he/Letters-1/tips-and-notes which is, unfortunately, not (yet I guess?) available on the mobile version. At least that's the case for the Android app.
To me this makes perfect sense; you wouldn't teach a child reading and writing the alphabet first without showing them what it can be used for, I would think. And from what I remember from the first lessons in Japanese it is not only the syllables that you learn but also their meaning...
Can you give an example of what you're talking about? If I understand correctly, אמא is definite only when it's one calling their mother. In that case it's definite, and has nothing to do with the א' in the end. When one talks of 'another mom', and a specific one, he'd say "The mom" - האמא. Not that it's a very common thing to do, because usually when one speaks of mom they talk about their own.
thank you very much. I'm still struggling with keeping in mind wich consonant indicates the presence of which vowel. If I understood it right, aleph indicates the vowel that sounds like 'uh' an yod indicates the vowel that sounds like 'i:' (as in english feel), right? So the word אמא should sound more like 'uh-m-uh' than 'ee-m-uh', correct?
Not quite. Aleph, as opposed to the other letters doesn't have a set sound, like מ or ס that always have the "m" and "s" sound. Aleph is a vocal placeholder, so it can sound either as "a" (as in father), "e" (as in set), "i" (as in sit), "o" (as in dot), "u" (as in put). So that is why אמא is "ima", אבא is "aba", אמן is "oman" and so on.
Yod is also kind of "problematic", because it can indicate "e" sound, like in the word כיף (kef) or "i" sound, like in the word גבינה (gvina), or "y" sound, like in the word ילד (yeled), or a combination of "iy", like in the word עגבנייה (agvaniya) or even "ay" sound, like in the word מים (mayim).
My suggestion is to go word by word and try to remember their spelling, just like you would do when learning English, which also has "problematic" spelling in many words.
You have to install the Hebrew system onto your computer. If you don't know how to do that, google how to install it on the system you use on your computer. You can buy Hebrew letter stickers from Amazon, or another source, to put on your laptop keys, or you can google "Hebrew/English keyboard" or "Hebrew/Qwerty keyboard" and make a copy of the keyboard, fold it in thirds and set it front of you while doing your lessons.
This is an extremely brutal way to learn a language. I reccomend making a screencap of every answer you submit, whether right or wrong, so you have something to work with. You can keep your screencaps folder open in your photo app, behind Duo, and check for right answers this way. Ordinarily, this might be considered cheating, but judging from the consensus here, will probably be fine, for this course.
Of course you don't need to change the word order as compared to English, but you can. Because verbs agree with the subject in number and person, the sentence (in most cases) remains unambiguous. For example, I can say אני אוכל עוגה or עוגה אוכל אני, and nobody would think that the cake is eating me. Putting the subject after the verb may be more poetic, but it's been done for thousands of years and is certainly not incorrect.
The fact is it's not a mistake. It's a completely acceptable alternative, and at the very least should be marked as such. However, my initial issue with this question is that the answer given (at least on the app) was completely wrong. It was just the phrase האמא באה (with no punctuation). With a change in word order and including the interrogative האם, the meaning is clear. With no question mark, the answer provided is by no means clear.
Question: The lesson wants me to write in Hebrew, "Is the mom coming," only my keyboard doesn't type in Hebrew characters. I tried writing the words phonetically, but the program marks me wrong and gives the answer in Hebrew characters. Is there some way, maybe, to get my keyboard to type in Hebrew -- or to get the program to accept the phonetic spelling of the answers?
If you are using your computer, go into Settings, then go into Time & Language, then you'll see Language settings, click there. In Language, you'll see Preferred Languages, click the "+" sign next to "Add a language". Once in there you'll find a search bar at the top, type "Hebrew", select "Hebrew", then click "next". You will see a package with check boxes. Check the "Install language pack" (uncheck boxes for the ones you don't want), and click "Install". Once installed, you should see a keyboard/language input in the bottom left of your screen (it will show "ENG US" when you are using English). Click on that and it will give you a list of languages you have installed on your computer. You should see Hebrew displayed, click on that to type Hebrew. Click on ENG US when you want to type in English. I hope this works.
Well Diane, they make different sounds, so when your ear is trained to hearing Hebrew, you’ll be better able to distinguish them. The real question is how to distinguish ח from כ because they are pronounced the same by the speakers in this course. You just have to memorize, the same way you learned the difference in English between q and k.
What is the difference in the sounds between the ה and the ח? I learned to read Hebrew in Hebrew school and attend services. Don't know that I really remember the sound difference. My question was more for the spelling differences (which might have to do with sound pronunciation.). As for the ח and the כ, I always thought the ח had a throaty h sound, while the כ always had k sound with some throatiness thrown in.
Well Diane, Ashkenazis and Sephardis disagree as to the correct pronunciation, but I’ll tell you what I hear from the speakers in this course, who are Ashkenazi.
Hei, ה h in English is pronounced the same as English h, like “hot”.
Khet ח kh is pronounced like the ch in the Scottish word loch.
Sometimes people transliterate ח kh as ch, but I prefer kh to avoid confusion with the English ch sound in church.
You may have been told that modern Hebrew has no ch sound such as in “church”, but a ch sound is in תשובה tshuva (chuva), the noun “answer” and similar תש tsh combinations.
Just wanted to point out that the initial letters in the word תשובה do not make a ch sound as they are actually from two different syllables. The nekudah (diacritic/vowel) on the ת is a שוא נע as it is the first letter of the word. Therefore the word is actually pronounced t'shuvah. In the case of the word ותשובה, where the שוא becomes נח, those two letters are still in different syllables so the pronunciation would be ut'shuvah.
Diane, I reworded my previous comment to be more clear. By the way, the reason I always use your name at the start of my comment is that all comments go to the email boxes of every person who has commented on this page, so I want people to be clear right away when they see something new in their inbox as to whether or not the new comment is for them.
Diane, you may want to review Theresa's comments again to absorb that info. I'll just add some quick comments, addressing only your first question about spelling with ח versus ה. In each comment I'm assuming that you're only choosing between those two letters. So I'm not discussing issues of ה versus other letters or ח versus other letters.
Since ה and ח have distinctly different sounds, if you hear it pronounced, then go by the sound.
For a definite noun preceded by "the" in English, the prefix for "the" in Hebrew cannot be ח. In this early part of the course, that prefix must be ה. (Later we learn some situations in which the ה "disappears".)
For the last letter in a word, the ה is almost always silent, and at this point in the course it won't be a ח. Later, we learn that when it is a ח, the word always ends with the sound "akh".
When you think about how utterly confusing spelling is in English, have faith that you'll get this Hebrew, one word and one grammar lesson at a time.
2021-01-23 rich739183 edited