Would this sentence in particular be pronounced, "uh'hubah iivkel" or, "he'hubah uhvkel"?
This course is teaching you how to read without Nikkud (the little dots and dashes that differentiate pronunciations in Hebrew).
You'll have to infer the correct bet sound using context and memory!
The pronunciation of the noun food and the verb eat are slightly different, but we cannot tell without Nikkud. http://www.morfix.co.il/en/%D7%90%D7%95%D7%9B%D7%9C
In Hebrew many words look the same but sound different. You can tell them apart buy contacts and Nikod
In the course of the lesson, I understand the answer they want, but what if I had asked "who's food?" Would this phrase then be used to say, " the dad's food" instead of "the dad is eating?" Or is there a different phrase to indicate the food belongs to the dad?