There are two meanings to עוף that are related but different: 1 - chicken in the context of food, and 2 - a general word for, and now I am embarrassed because I suddenly don't know the English word for this... poultry maybe? Birds, but also chicken, ducks, turkey etc.?
Note, though, that while "fowl" is a collective term, עוף in the zoological sense is countable. If you see three water birds you have to say שלושה עופות מים, and even to talk about water fowl in general you have to say עופות מים.
By contrast, in the food sense עוף can be non countable (מגוון מנות של עוף), but again countable if you're talking about buying multiple whole chickens (קניתי שלושה עופות).
Poultry only includes birds that are kept by people for their eggs or meat, and so wouldn't include wild birds like sparrows, eagles, or robins and such. Would עוף include wild birds too or is it more like the term poultry?
In this sense, it's a zoological classification and it includes wild birds. So not poultry.
Wouldn't let me reply to your comment below about ציפור ועוף. So just to clarify (and for personal interest as well, since my name is Tzipora) ציפור is only for birds that fly, so a chicken or penguin is not a tzipor? But עוף when used in the zoological sense/ as fowl would include all the flying birds/ tzipor as well as absolutely everything else like chicken and penguins and such? Or more simply put all ציפור are עוף but not all עוף are ציפור?
This is useful to me when making jokes or puns about my name. And maybe gives my name more meaning so thank you. :)
In the zoological sense? ציפור doesn't cover the types that don't fly, such as chickens. עוף is more general. Everything with feathers I guess.
Could you tell me the plural of the word for hen or chicken? I thought the word shown was plural because of the ending, and also because the photo in the beginning showed more than one. Thanks!
. hen=tarnególet (pl: tarnegolót: תַּרְנְגֹלוֹת ) // . rooster= tarnegol (pl: tarnegolím תַּרְנְגוֹלִים )
-ET = feminine ending (1/3 in most cases) ; -OT= fem. plural ending (in most cases).
תרנגול - singular male תרנגולת - singular female תרנגולות - plural, I'm not sure if it's general or female plural, because I'm not sure if תרנגולים is a legit word