Pronunciation of 'ר' in Hebrew
How do we pronounce 'ר' in Hebrew exactly? (Especially when it is at the beginning of a word like 'רוצה'). Is it similar to the way the french r is pronounced?
There seems to be some variation depending on the speaker and its position in the word. Word initial seems to be more like an alveolar tap (רוצה), whereas at the end of word it seems lateralized (אור).
There are roughly two allophones that depend on the speaker (free variant). What you say is incorrect.
(It is like the french R, but it is always voiced. Many people retain a pronunciation like Spanish R, which is "preferable".
No, don't get confused, the Spanish R is used in Arabic, not Hebrew.
I've heard this consonant compared to the French "r", but I don't speak any French and I am quite familiar with German. German has an "r" that is also quite gutteral. They sound similar but they don't sound exactly the same. The German "r" sounds gentler to me and it sounds like it's maybe not quite as far back in the throat...
Is there anyone here who knows both German and Hebrew who can explain or compare these two for me?
I would say that the R in German is much softer, more breathy, and further back in the throat than the R in Hebrew. The R in hebrew is more 'abrasive', and like so many people pointed out, voiced. It's also not breathy, unlike the german R.