12th Serbian lesson: Conjugation of verbs
Conjugation of verbs is not so simple in Serbian, but it will become easier when you know how it works. Do you remember that I said: "Every verb in Serbian (in its infinitive form) ends with: -ти, -ћи or -сти. It's very important to know the ending because it makes conjugation much easier.", in Lesson about verbs? Knowing the ending of verbs in infinitive form is very important for this.
Infinitivna osnova is a part of verb. It's very important to know how to get it. Here's the explanation how to get it:
If the verb in infinitive form ends with -ти, just cut off -ти and here you are! It's simple...
If the verb in infinitive form ends with -ћи or -сти, cut off -ћи or -сти and then add -х or -ох (You'll learn about it in aorist part), then cut off -х or -ох. It's comlicated, but possible to learn)
There is a verb tense called Aorist. It's not used in casual conversation. There are ending added for constructing aorist. For first person singular ending are -х and -ох. If infinitivna osnova ends on a vowel, add -х, but if it ends on a consonant, add -ох. There are some changes that happen when you add the endings, but I'll cover them in another lesson.
When you get infinitivna osnova, just add endings and you conjugated a verb! :)
м (for I)
ш (for informal singular you)
no ending (for he/she/it)
мо (for we)
те (for formal singular you and plural you)
е/у/ју (for they)
Let's conjugate one verb:
- to go- ићи
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"If the verb in infinitive form ends with -ћи or -сти, cut off -ћи or -сти and then add -х or -ох (You'll learn about it in aorist part), then cut off -х or -ох. It's comlicated, but possible to learn) " ?
Ovde nesto nije ok...
Jesti > Je+Sti > Je > jeH?? Naći > Na+Ći > Na > nah, naoh??