Oh that's a helpful answer! One more question that's been on my mind: I know in ancient Hebrew there is a use of the "th" sound that we hear in English, but I have yet to hear it in this lesson. Is that only used in ancient Hebrew, or does it have occasional uses in modern Hebrew as well?
You know how the letters bet, kaf, and peh are pronounced differently depending on position and preceding letters? Well, in ancient Hebrew gimel, dalet, and, tav also had "weak" versions. They made the j, th as in this, and th as in breath respectively. Nowadays, if I need the th sound I would use dalet or tav with an apostrophe, as in: