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https://www.duolingo.com/amadalena

-ой/ый ий ending

amadalena
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Stupid Question, how do we know when to use -ой instead of ый/ий for adjective endings?

2 years ago

15 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Jahontis
Jahontis
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It depends on the stress. If the ending is stressed it is -ой, if not - -ый/ий. If we are talking about masculine, nominative, of course...

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/amadalena
amadalena
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спасибо! я сейчас понимаю!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Jahontis
Jahontis
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Была рада помочь)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Hating_Mirror
Hating_Mirror
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*теперь, now there must be translated as теперь, сейчас means exactly moment, "Я уже узнал об этом раньше, сейчас я понимаю" - "Ты мне только что сказал об этом, теперь я понимаю." Сейчас meaned before сей час - this hour (сей is arhaism)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Olja.
Olja.
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Adjectives must agree with nouns in number, gender and case.

For example, a cat (кошка) is in the nominative-feminine-singular form. Then you should give the correct form to the adjective you are using - a white cat - белая кошка, a black cat - чёрная кошка.

And a house (дом) is in the nominative - masculine - singular form. That is why: a white house - белый дом, a black hourse - чёрный дом.

Is your question about only masculine endings? You'll have to remember them, unfortunately.

Hard ending (-ый, -ой, -ий (but not -ний))

Young - молодой, deaf - глухой, blind - слепой etc.

and:

old - старый, handsome - красивый, smart - умный, heavy - тяжёлый, pink - розовый, red - красный, etc.

Soft ending (-ний):

blue - синий, spring - весенний

Everything I wrote above is about nominative case only :)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Petr_Shpis

about adjective endings Она красивая She is beautiful Она кажется мне красивой She seems to me beautiful

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Petr_Shpis

If you do question "какой" then you should write "-ой" If you do question "какая" then you should write "-ая"

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Lee605233
Lee605233
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You've just confused us all even more now.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Petr_Shpis

I am sorry

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/donutlovingpanda

that is simply confusing...

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/HKLI987
HKLI987
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Sorry for my bad English ий with soft endings ый with hard endings ой there is no rule it is stressed

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/amadalena
amadalena
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So we can use ой whenever we want (assuming a masculine noun)?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/HKLI987
HKLI987
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You have to memorize them

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/amadalena
amadalena
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Ok, I get it! It's the stress on the stem before the gender/case ending. Thanks!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AnimusLux
AnimusLux
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I have a question in regards to the pronunciation of these endings (-ый/-ий). How are they precisely pronounced? I mean, are they pronounced like a long /i/ (e.g. in the English word sleep), like /ij/ or /iji/ with /j/ denoting the Russian й?

2 years ago