"Esik az eső?"
Translation:Is it raining?
It is not an idiom, and I don't think that the hints are wrong. But Hungarian does not have the "placeholder" subject, like the English "it is".
And what Hungarian also does not have is the sophisticated tense system of English. There is only simple past and simple present. The future is expressed partly with the simple present, partly with a helper verb plus infinitive. There are other ways of expressing continuing action, completed action, previous events in the past, future, etc.
So, what remains here is literally "Falls the rain" - "Esik az eső".
The most important part of this statement is "esik" - "falls". We can even omit the rest. This is already a little play with the famous flexible word order, as the regular order would be "Az eső esik". But that would be just a general statement on the usual behaviour of the rain.
Good point! Maybe it should be reported.
Well, let's say that the idiomatic meaning of "esik" is "it is raining". Because, without a subject, everybody automatically thinks of the rain. But to Hungarians it still means that something is actually falling. Only it goes without saying that it is the rain that's s doing it. Attach any other non weather-related subject to "esik", and the English translation will include "falling".
Now, you may notice that the word for the rain itself, "eső", is very similar to the word "esik". It is not a coincidence. It is what English would call a present participle, most probably. The present participle form of "esik", meaning "(the) falling (thing)". (In Hungarian it is used as a noun or a modifier, but never as a verb.) So, very literally, the sentence means "the falling thing is falling". In other words, it is raining.
In a different context, these words will regain their actual literal meaning:
The glass falls on the ground - A pohár a földre esik.
The glass falling on the ground breaks - A földre eső pohár eltörik.
No, it is quite ordinary sentence. "Esik" - is a verb in third person singular present tense meaning "falls/rains" or "is falling/is raining". "Eső" is a noun (subject in this sentence) meaning "rain". "Az" is just a definitive article meaning "the". So literally translation of this sentence is "Is the rain raining?" This is an interrogative sentence but the same word order would be in a declarative sentence only with the different emphasis.
You could switch to Hungarian keyboard and find it. These "weird" lines on the top of the vocals mean the vocals should be pronounce with emphasis, longer. For example "ö" is the same vocal as "ő" and "ü" is the same vocal as "ű", but the one with dots you should pronounce short and the other one long.
These are not about emphasis, and the length is not always the case either.
a and á are different vowels, and the difference is not length based. Same with e and é.
Length difference are between i and í, o and ó, ö and ő, u and ú, ü and ű.
The web app should offer you the special vowels. Not sure about mobile app.
Maybe a linguist can correct me, but emphasis feels like the wrong way to describe that some vowels are long ones. Emphasis gets close to "stress", and stressing a syllable could / would affect loudness as well. [ I'm going with https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stress_(linguistics) ]