Explanation in var/yok
I did some possessive today and came into this sentence in the explanation for var & yok :
"I do not have water: Benim suyum yok"
I searched and searched but i couldnt figure out where this "y" comes from but also cannot find any reasonable solution.
Now I asked my girlfriend, who is turkish, and she explained that maybe for words ending on I , i , u , ü you add the buffer y (but she isnt sure there). For example Benim elmam is correct without any buffer.
So please can any1 here help me so i can maybe finally understand all the possessive stuff (having problems here since day one =) ).
The words Su and Ne are irregular. You'd expect them to be "sum" and "nem", but instead they become "suyum" and "neyim", and they add a "y" throughout the conjugation. So in the 3rd person, "su" becomes "suyu" (and not 'susu', as you would expect). The word "ne" can be "neyi" or "nesi" and both are correct. It's just something you're going to have to keep in mind.
Other words ending in "u" are regular. Ex: kutu (box) --> benim kutum (my box).
Ah okay thank you very much! Yes, she mentioned that u can use y-ş-s-n as buffer sometimes.
But now I understand (although "susu" sounds kind of funny :D )
"S" is used only when saying "his/her/its"; i.e., 3rd person possessive, when the word ends in a vowel. Ex: ev -- evi (his house), but araba -- arabaSı (his car).
"N" is only ever used when adding a further suffix after saying "his/her/its". No matter if the word originally ended in a vowel or a consonant. Ex: evi -- eviNde (at his house) or arabası -- arabasıNda (in his car).
Use "Y" anywhere else: arabaYı (the car), arabaYa (to the car).
"Ş" is virtually extinct. It's only ever used with numbers that end in a vowel: altıŞar (in groups of six).