"Good morning, how are you?"
Translation:Jó reggelt, hogy vagy?
S2 Hogy vagy?-How are you? S3 Hogy van?-How are you? (formal) OR referring a third person: Hogy van ő? (he, she)-How is he/she? P2 Hogy vagytok?-How are you? P3 Hogy vannak?-How are you? (formal) OR referring third persons: Hogy vannak ők? (they)- How are they?
So 'How are you?" can mean 1. 'Hogy vagy?' 2. 'Hogy van? (formal)' 3. 'Hogy vagytok?' 4. 'Hogy vannak? (formal)
Reggel is the base noun, and the -t suffix is the marker for the accusative case. So in this sentence "morning" is the direct object.
"Jó reggelt" is a short form of "Jó reggelt kívánok" which translates to "I wish (you) a good morning". The morning is being wished, so it gets the direct object marker.
This is also what happens to the other daytimes:
- nap - Jó napot. (Good day.)
- este - Jó estét. (Good evening.)
- éj or éjszaka - Jó éjt. or Jó éjszakát. (Good night.)
Eileen, okay, I'm not sure what you mean. On the front page of Duolingo you have these colourful bubbles with an icon inside an a name on the bottom. Let's call these "topics". Each of those topics is divided into one to ten "lessons". When you finish every lesson of a single topic, you'll get one "level" for that specific topic.
If you're asking about topic number 5 (which has the name "Jobs"), that shouldn't be a problem. You can choose to work on any topic that you have unlocked so far.
If you're asking about lesson 5 of a specific topic, there is no way to specifically review lessons. But you can level up (by completing all the lessons), and with the next level the lessons will start anew.
If you're talking about level 5 (which will make the topic bubble golden), I don't think there is a way to level down. But the sentences you get will still be all the same as on every other level. The tasks just get harder.
You can also use the Training option, which is represented by button with a dumbbell icon on the frontpage. This mode will present you with a mix of sentences you have already learnt.
Since you seem to be rather early in the course, you can also restart your course if you like. Go to your Settings and select the menu "Learning language", in which you'll have the option to "Reset or remove" a language. So you can start any lesson tree from the beginning.