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  5. "The orange and the apple are…

"The orange and the apple are wet."

Translation:התפוז והתפוח רטובים.

July 4, 2016



Please help - I feel like I'm beginning to get lost at this point. The copula notes indicated (I thought) two things that don't seem to have been applied in this case:

  1. "When adding definite articles to nouns with adjectives, both the noun and the adjective receive a definite article." (So shouldn't it be הרטובים ?)

  2. "The copula in Hebrew uses the third person pronouns to describe objects ." (So wouldn't הם precede "wet" in order to say "they are wet"?)

Appreciate any light you might shed on these q's - !תודה רבא


The copula is a confusing subject in Hebrew.

When your sentence equates nouns - noun A is a noun B - you should usually use a copula. התפוז והתפוח הם פירות.

If you want to express that a noun is an adjective, here is where things become complex. If the noun is indefinite, your sentence requires a copula - תפוח ותפוז הם רטובים meaning that apples and oranges are generally wet. If the noun is definite - התפוז והתפוח - you don't have to add a copula, it's even better to leave it out: התפוז והתפוח רטובים.


Thanks, Almogi - you're an angel. :) Added your response to my list of review notes on Francis Ford Copula. :P


In French, apple and orange are feminine. How come the sentence doesn't read?

הן רטובות.


Because in Hebrew apple and orange are masculine as far as I understand it.


Am I the only one who is having a terrible time remembering these adjectives?


Why not הם רטובים? Why is adding hm after the fruit not ok?


It's not wrong, but less natural and less common. Copula is usually omitted in "noun" is "adjective" type of sentences.


la mia, as far as I understood from hebrew grammar, if you use copula here, you will mean "all of the oranges and the apples in the world are wet, and being wet is their normal behaviour". My understanding of similar rule in arabic goes in same way :)


Thank you, A., this is helpful to know for times when we need to speak in generalities, perhaps (?) - excluding dried apples, of course. :)


Being dry is not normal/default behavior of Apples too :)

Dried Apple is this --> https://thumbs.dreamstime.com/z/dried-apples-pears-17103027.jpg

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