What is the isolated form of this "for" prefix? Is it simply בשביל? + Am I right that this verb would be "עושה" in the singular?
I still get confused between בשבילכן and בשבילן and the masc forms. Also, I can never remember if an 'a' sound begins with an alef or an ayin; sometimes I spell עושה with an ayin which is correct, and sometimes with an alef, which is wrong. Any suggestions how to remember, because as a newbie to Hebrew the rules for spelling in Hebrew are extremely hard. I guess people will say the same thing exists in English, but I was speaking/writing English for 40 years. Please help with the rules of spelling; list and explain all the possible nuances that exist. Here are some just of the top of my head: 1. begins with alef or ayin 2. has a yud when it is heard or doesn't 3. has a vav when it is heard for doesn't 4. is the vav doubled or not 5. is it a kaf, hey or het - this one keep repeating and I can never spell the word correctly because I hear everything as an English 'h' sound 6. is it a sin or samech 7. is it a kuf or kaf 8. tet or tav 9. ends with alef or ayin 10. has a hey at end or not
I'll try to give some help, but mostly, you just need to memorize it.
Alef or ayin - there's no way to know really. You just need to remember the roots. For example, ע-ש-ה (to do) is always with ayin; future first person always starts with alef; etc.
Generally speaking, when the 'י is used as a consonant in the middle of a word it is doubled, and when it is the first letter it's a consonant as well. When it's single in the middle of a word it is usually a vowel. When it's adjacent to א or ה or ו, it could be either.
3.+4. Very similar to 2, when it's in the beginning or doubles = consonant, when it's single vowel.
5 . Well, 'ה makes a completely different sound - so that's easy to tell.
Between 'כ and 'ח it's hard to know. However, if it's a 'kh' sound in the beginning of the word, it must be 'ח since when 'כ is the first letter it's always 'k'.
6 . There's no way to tell except memorizing.
7 . There's no way to tell, but if there's a 'k' sound in the end of a word it must be 'ק since 'ך is always 'kh'. Also, words from foreign (Indo-European) origin like 'physics' = פיזיקה almost always use 'ק.
8 . There's no way to tell. Words from foreign origin use 'ט for 't' and 'ת for 'th'. For example, mathematics = מתמטיקה.
9 . Again, it's hard to tell. Remember though that when a word ends with 'ע, the previous vowel is always 'ah', so for example, "kele" (prison) can't be כלע. (It's כלא).
10 . Most words that end with 'ah' or 'eh' end with 'ה. If a word ends with a consonant, there's no 'ה. If it ends with 'oh' or 'uh' then 'ו is the final letter, and if it ends with 'eeh' then 'י is the final letter.