"None [not any] of these cars ARE mine."
either 'is' or 'are' works in this sentence. Which one you use actually changes the meaning of the sentence a little bit. If you use "none of these cars IS mine" it implies that the person speaking is looking for their car or something. In that case of "none of these cars ARE mine" it implies a different situation. Maybe a person who has a bunch of really nice cars in their garage but the cars belong to someone else.
02/4/14 Agree. Either one is correct, although I would lean towards are, looking at the entire phrase as the subject, rather than just the word none. (And yes, I know that if you diagram the sentence none is the subject, but diagramming is unnatural, that's why it is so hard to teach.)
No. They aren't exactly the same in English, either. None of these cars belong to me could be referencing a rental or lease car, which you don't own. I checked translation on Spanishdict (which is pretty good) and it used No tengo ninguno de estes coches. You could probably also use poseer as the verb for your sentence. Plus, the way this verb works in English is similar to the way gustar works in Spanish - the item in question is the subject, the person is the indirect object.
I can just about live wit your interpretation, Kirby, but you appear to miss the point completely. The problem is not one of interpretation, but one of grammar. The subject of the sentence is, "None of these cars" and the verb is "to pertain". The verb must agree with the subject and the subject is singular. Therefore the sentence should read, "None [as in not one] of these cars pertains to me." In another context, would you say, "It pertain to me." I hope not.
It is sometimes held that none can only take a singular verb, never a plural verb: none of them is coming tonight rather than none of them are coming tonight. There is little justification, historical or grammatical, for this view. None is descended from Old English nān meaning ‘not one’ and has been used for around a thousand years with both a singular and a plural verb, depending on the context and the emphasis needed. -Oxford Dictionary; https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/none
Help!!! I've been using Duolingo for several years and the sound has always been a bit "iffy", but following the latest upgrade, it's become almost unintelligible after the first few minutes of a lesson. Lessons using audio prompts have become impossible. This does not happen with any other website of any type. Can anyone in Duolingo Land tell me how to fix the problem?