"I need to buy something for my dad."
Translation:Muszę coś kupić mojemu tacie.
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then it would be "dla mojego taty", and "default" word order (for me) is "Muszę kupić coś dla mojego taty."
"dla mojego taty" (Genitive) works.
The default option (mojemu tacie) is Dative.
"od", just like "dla", takes Genitive: "od mojego taty". But that means "from my dad", so it definitely doesn't fit this sentence.
Why musieć and not potrzebować. I thought musieć was must and potrzebować was need? Probably a silly question, as in english must and need have some overlap. I guess its like podoba się and lubić which also confuses me :)
We don't teach incorrect Polish (or we try to). Potrzebować is supposed to work only with noun- to need something. (Some people use potrzebuję +czasownik, but it's considered incorrect/ calque from English)
I wasn't insinuating that it was incorrect, i sincerly apologise if thats how it came accross.
Just something that confused me and now you have answered my question.
Bardzo dziękuję :)
I just meant that some Polish people use "potrzebować+verb" but we don't accept it here because we try to teach correct Polish.
What about "Muszę tacie coś kupić"? Implied my and I think this word order is ok.
Omitting the possessive pronoun seems fine, but I think you shouldn't place an object before the verb if it's a noun. "Muszę mu coś kupić" would be okay.
I am confused as to when the word "my" changes from a possessive pronoun to an adjective.
It's still a possessive pronoun, its declension patterns resemble those of an adjective.
I think i did a different mistake, using the imperfectiv verb...it probably is accapted..
But why is it "mojemu" and not "swojemu"? The subject is I, this the same person?
"swojemu" is equally correct here.
For 1st person (I/we), both a form of "swój" and the 'normal' possessive feel perfectly natural, so there's no need for "swojemu" here. But if you feel safer using a form of "swój" everywhere where it's correct (like here), then I'd say it's a good idea.